On This Day

What Happened in March 1871

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18 Communards revolt in Paris

Historic DiscoveryHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

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Welsh journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley with Kalulu who he later adopted
Welsh journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley with Kalulu who he later adopted
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Mar 21 33rd Grand National: Irish 1868 winner The Lamb claims second GN at 11/2; ridden by Tommy Pickernell
  • Mar 22 William Holden of North Carolina becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • Mar 27 1st international rugby union match - Scotland 1, England 0 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh
  • Mar 28 San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
  • Mar 4 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • Mar 6 Ben Harney, American composer and "Father of Ragtime Piano" (You've Been a Good Old Wagon, But You Done Broke Down), born on the Mississippi River (d. 1938)
  • Mar 15 Betsy van den Arend, Dutch actress (Miss Hobbs), (d. 1950)
  • Mar 19 Schofield Haigh, cricketer ("Sunshine of the Yorkshire 11")
  • Mar 20 Joe McGinnity, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (World Series 1905; 5 × NL wins leader; NL ERA leader 1904; Baltimore Orioles, NY Giants), born in Rock Island, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • Mar 24 Leslie Gay, English cricket wicket-keeper and soccer goalkeeper (1 Test; 3 caps), born in Brighton, Sussex (d. 1949)
  • Mar 26 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, born in Kukui‘ula, Kōloa, Kauaʻi, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • Mar 27 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Mar 28 Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (Concertgebouw Orchestra, NY Philharmonic 1922-30), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • Mar 29 Tom Hayward, English cricketer (great England batsman of the Golden Age), born in Cambridge (d. 1939)

Person of interestArthur Griffith

Mar 31 Arthur Griffith, Irish writer and politician who founded Sinn Féin (President of Ireland 1922), born in Dublin, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1922)

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • Mar 19 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • Mar 20 Antonio Buzzolla, composer, dies at 56
  • Mar 22 Johnny Cuzens, Australian aboriginal cricketer (1st Australian indigenous tour to UK 1868), dies
  • Mar 30 Louise, Dutch-born Queen of Sweden and Norway, dies at 42