On This Day

What Happened in October 1871

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 6 Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • Oct 7 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people, making it the deadliest wildfire in recorded history
  • Oct 8 Great Fire of Chicago kills 200 people and destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of buildings and the original Emancipation Proclamation

USAGreat Chicago Fire

Oct 10 The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, leaving approximately 300 dead, 100,000 homeless, and costing $222m in damage
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A depiction of the Great Chicago Fire which lasted from October 8 to October 10, 1871
A depiction of the Great Chicago Fire which lasted from October 8 to October 10, 1871
  • Oct 12 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 US President Ulysses S. Grant suspends habeas corpus in parts of South Carolina during prosecutions against Ku Klux Klan

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Oct 21 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 23 Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
  • Oct 24 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Democratic leader of Tammany Hall NY, Boss Tweed is arrested after the NY Times exposes his corruption

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • Oct 30 Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • Oct 31 Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nation (Nobel 1945), born in Olympus, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • Oct 2 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Oct 3 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard), born in Heule, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • Oct 9 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Oct 9 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1940)
  • Oct 9 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar, born in Paoča, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1922)
  • Oct 11 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, born in Fredrikstad, Norway (d. 1943)
  • Oct 14 Alexander von Zemlinsky, Austrian composer (Schneeman), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)
  • Oct 18 Louis de Vries, Dutch actor (Blokkade, Ghetto), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • Oct 19 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • Oct 20 Frederick Burton, American actor (The Big Trail, One Way Passage), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1957)
  • Oct 26 Hermann Löhr, British composer, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1943)
  • Oct 26 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • Oct 29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • Oct 30 Buck Freeman, American baseball player, born in Catasauqua, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, dies at 45

Person of interestCharles Babbage

Oct 18 Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • Oct 22 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79