What Happened in August 1873

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 1st trial run of San Francisco cable car, Clay Street between Kearny and Jones

Historic Event

Aug 4 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.

  • Aug 14 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • Aug 18 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • Aug 23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens

Historic Event

Aug 26 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri

  • Aug 30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 3 Albert Marie Leon Adolphe de Bassompierre, Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39) (d. 1956)
  • Aug 4 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), born in San Juan de los Remedios, Cuba (d. 1953)
  • Aug 6 John Wesley Work Jr., 1st African-American collector of folk songs and spirituals, born in Nashville, Tennessee (or 1871) (d. 1925)
  • Aug 6 Mary Carr Moore, American composer, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1957)
  • Aug 11 J. Rosamund Johnson, American composer ("Lift Every Voice And Sing"), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1954)
  • Aug 17 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)
  • Aug 18 Leo Slezak, Austrian tenor and actor (Othello, Zirkus Saran, Husaren heraus), born in Mährisch-Schönberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • Aug 18 Otto Harbach [Hauerbach], American librettist, lyricist (Smoke Gets in Your Eyes), and mentor to Oscar Hammerstein II, born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • Aug 19 Fred Stone, renowned American circus performer and broadway actor (Alice Adams), born in Longmont, Colorado (d. 1959)
  • Aug 20 Eliel Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (GM Tech Institute, Mich), born in Rantasalmi, Finland (d. 1950)
  • Aug 20 William Henry Bell, English composer, born in St Albans, England (d. 1946)
  • Aug 22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • Aug 22 Karl Nef, Swiss musicologist, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1935)
  • Aug 26 Lee De Forest, American inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube), born in Council Bluffs, Iowa (d. 1961)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Frank Mori, English composer, dies at 53
  • Aug 4 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, dies at 39
  • Aug 16 Georg Hellmesberger Sr, Austrian violinist, conductor (Vienna Philharmonic, 1842-67), and composer, dies at 73
  • Aug 26 Carl Wilhelm, German composer, dies at 57
  • Aug 31 Charles Ferdinand Pahud, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (1856-61), dies at 70