On This Day

What Happened in February 1873

Historical Events

  • Feb 11 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • Feb 12 US Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1873, abolishing bimetallism and placing the country on the gold standard
  • Feb 20 University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/San Francisco)
  • Feb 20 British Naval Officer John Moresby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea and claims it for Britain
  • Feb 27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Clara Butt, British contralto (Country of Hope & Glory; Elgar's "Sea Pictures"), born in Southwick Sussex, England (d. 1936)
  • Feb 1 Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
  • Feb 1 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
  • Feb 2 Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)
  • Feb 2 Johan P earl van Limburg Stirum, Dutch diplomat
  • Feb 2 Leopold Fall, Austrian operetta composer (Dollar Princess)
  • Feb 3 Ernest B Allo, French theologist
  • Feb 4 √Čtienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (d. 1905)
  • Feb 11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • Feb 13 Fyador Chaliapin, Russian operatic bass-baritone (Boris Godunov), born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1938)
  • Feb 15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • Feb 22 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher
  • Feb 23 Dmitri Arakishvili, composer
  • Feb 23 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • Feb 23 Joseph Allen Sr. American actor, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1952)

Person of interestEnrico Caruso

Feb 25 Enrico Caruso, Italian operatic tenor (Faust), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1921)

Operatic Tenor Enrico Caruso
Operatic Tenor
Enrico Caruso
  • Feb 26 Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Matthew Maury, American oceanographer, dies at 67
  • Feb 2 Edward Johnson, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 56
  • Feb 7 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (The House by the Churchyard), dies at 58
  • Feb 13 Petrus Abraham Samuel van Limburg Brouwer, Dutch politician and critic (Akbar), dies at 43
  • Feb 14 Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg, Swiss pianist and composer, dies at 51
  • Feb 19 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, dies at 35