What Happened in January 1873

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Origin of Japanese Era
  • Jan 6 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"

Historic Event

Jan 6 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal

  • Jan 11 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • Jan 13 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office of Louisiana Governor

Historic Invention

Jan 14 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark by its inventor John Wesley Hyatt

  • Jan 14 Prominent African American Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate (though never seated due to state elections controversy)
  • Jan 17 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War
  • Jan 22 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die

Historic Publication

Jan 30 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel


Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
  • Jan 2 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • Jan 2 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • Jan 3 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • Jan 6 Karl Straube, German organist & conductor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1950)
  • Jan 7 Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-American movie producer, director and executive (Paramount), born in Ricse, Hungary (d. 1976)
  • Jan 8 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • Jan 8 Lucien Capet, French composer and violinist, born in Paris, France (d. 1928)
  • Jan 9 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • Jan 10 George Orton, Canadian athlete, born in Strathroy-Caradoc, Canada (d. 1958)
  • Jan 10 Jack O'Neill, Irish-born baseball player, born in Tawnaleen, Ireland (d. 1935)
  • Jan 11 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
  • Jan 12 Spyridon Louis, Greek distance runner, soldier (winner first modern Olympics marathon 1896), born in Marousi, Greece (d. 1940)
  • Jan 15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • Jan 16 Boyd Alexander, English explorer
  • Jan 17 Francois Rasse, Belgian composer, born in Helchin (d. 1955)
  • Jan 19 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • Jan 20 Charles A. Ellwood, American sociologist and psychologist, born near Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1946)
  • Jan 20 Johannes V. Jensen, Danish novelist and poet (The Fall of the King; Nobel Prize for Literature, 1944), born in Farsø, North Jutland, Denmark (d. 1950)

ColetteColette (1873-1954)

Jan 28 French author, novelist (Gigi, La Vagabonde) and actress, born in Paris, France

  • Jan 28 M A Noble, cricketer (great Australian all-rounder at turn of century)
  • Jan 29 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian navy officer, explorer and mountaineer (Ruwenzori Range, Uganda; Mount Saint Alias, Yukon), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1933)
  • Jan 30 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, French painter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1939)
  • Jan 30 Rose Melville, American stage actress (A Baby Grand, Her Great Invention), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1946)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 John Lodge Ellerton, British classical composer (The Bridal of Triermain, Domenica), dies at 71

Napoleon IIINapoleon III (1808-1873)

Jan 9 Emperor of France (1852-70), dies at 64

  • Jan 18 Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, English author (b. 1803)
  • Jan 20 The Blessed Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  • Jan 28 Henry Hugo Pierson, English composer, dies at 57