On This Day

What Happened in October 1873

Historical Events

  • Oct 3 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • Oct 4 Toronto Argonauts Football Club (CFL) forms as Argonaut Rowing Club rugby-football squad; oldest existing pro sports team in North America still using original name
  • Oct 4 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Scotsman Tom Kidd beats countryman Jamie Anderson by 1 stroke; first Open not held at Prestwick GC
  • Oct 8 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • Oct 11 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • Oct 18 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • Oct 18 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football

Historic Event

Oct 30 P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)


Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Sir Pelham Warner, English cricket batsman, tour manager and administrator (15 Tests; MCC chairman of selectors), born in The Hall, Port of Spain, Trinidad (d. 1963)
  • Oct 2 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Savage, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • Oct 6 Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, composer
  • Oct 8 Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1967)
  • Oct 9 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Oct 9 Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist, born in Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary (d. 1944)
  • Oct 14 José Serrano Simeón, Spanish composer, born in Sueca, Valencia, Spain (d. 1941)
  • Oct 14 Ray Ewry, American track and field athlete (8 Olympic golds 1900, 04, 08), born in Lafayette, Indiana (d. 1937)
  • Oct 14 Jules Rimet, French football administrator (3rd President of FIFA 1921-54), born in Theuley, Franche-Comté, France (d. 1956)
  • Oct 18 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • Oct 19 Bart King, American cricket pioneer (North America's greatest all-rounder; helped develop art of swing bowling), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1965)

Jaap Eden

Oct 19 Jaap Eden, Dutch athlete (World Cycling C'ship gold 10k 1894, sprint 1895; World Speed Skating C'ship gold allround 1893, 95, 96), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1925)

  • Oct 21 George P Gooch, English historian/MP
  • Oct 22 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, born in Ekenäs, Finland (d. 1950)
  • Oct 23 William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (modern x-ray tube), born in Hudson, Massachusetts (d. 1975)
  • Oct 24 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
  • Oct 26 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1924-26, 1929-42), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942)
  • Oct 27 Henry Tate, Australian composer and poet, born in Melbourne (d. 1926)
  • Oct 29 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, born in Popayán, Cauca, Colombia (d. 1943)
  • Oct 30 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1913)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Cornelius Varley, water-color painter, dies
  • Oct 3 Kintpuash [Captain Jack], fought Modoc indians, Oregon, dies
  • Oct 6 Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist, dies at 76
  • Oct 9 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • Oct 10 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), dies at 59

Robert McClure

Oct 17 Robert McClure, Irish explorer who discovered the Northwest passage, dies at 66

  • Oct 21 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (b. 1807)
  • Oct 29 Ernest-Aimé Feydeau, French author (Fanny), dies at 52
  • Oct 29 John of Saxony, King of Saxony (1854-73), dies at 71
  • Oct 29 Leonardus Lightenvelt, Dutch politician, dies at 78