What Happened in April 1874

Historical Events

  • Apr 5 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 10 British Open Men's Golf, Musselburgh Links: Mungo Park wins first title by 2 strokes from Tom Morris Jr
  • Apr 15 NY legislature passes compulsory education law

Historic Event

Apr 16 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

  • Apr 18 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 19 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • Apr 27 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 3 Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, Cuban composer, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1944)
  • Apr 8 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising, born in Mieszków, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1960)
  • Apr 9 Julius Bittner, Austrian composer (Little Violet), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1939)
  • Apr 14 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1957)
  • Apr 15 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist, born in Clark County, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • Apr 15 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark Effect; Nobel Prize in Physics -1919), and Nazi sympathizer, born in Schickenhof, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • Apr 18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • Apr 19 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss-German psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • Apr 19 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • Apr 19 Jane Poupelet, French sculptor and graphic artist (la bande à Schnegg), born in Saint-Paul-Lizonne, France (d. 1932)
  • Apr 24 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and cartoonist (d. 1940)

Guglielmo Marconi

Apr 25 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor and electrical engineer who pioneered work on long distance radio transmission (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

  • Apr 26 Biddy Anderson, South African cricket batsman (1 Test as captain; Western Province) and rugby union centre (3 Tests), born in Kimberley, South Africa (d. 1926)
  • Apr 28 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Apr 28 Sidney Toler, American actor, director and playwright (Madame X, Meeting at Midnight), born in Warrensburg, Missouri (d. 1947)
  • Apr 30 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena - 1928), born in Ardooie, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1949)

Famous Weddings

Jesse James

Apr 24 Outlaw Jesse James marries cousin Zerelda 'Zee' Mimms

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • Apr 14 Hermanus J. Abbring, Dutch author and engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • Apr 19 Owen Jones, architect, dies
  • Apr 20 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 56