On This Day

What Happened in February 1874

Historical Events

  • Feb 21 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Feb 23 Major Walter Clopton Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • Feb 27 Baseball 1st played in England at Lord's Cricket Ground

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet/dramatist/essayist
  • Feb 3 Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
  • Feb 6 Milton Bennett Medary, American architect (Washington Chapel), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1929)
  • Feb 9 Amy Lowell, American poet and critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1925)
  • Feb 9 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • Feb 11 Elsa Beskow [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • Feb 11 Fritz Bennicke Hart, composer
  • Feb 13 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch journalist and politician (social-democratic)
  • Feb 15 Emilis Melngailis, Latvian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Vidriži, Russian Empire (d. 1954)

Ernest Shackleton

Feb 15 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

  • Feb 16 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German operatic soprano, born in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1935)

Thomas J. Watson

Feb 17 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), born in Campbell, New York (d. 1956)

  • Feb 20 Mary Garden, Scottish-American operatic soprano, 1900-34, and M-G-M talent scout, born in Aberdeen Scotland (d. 1967)
  • Feb 22 Bill Klem, American Baseball HOF umpire (record 18 x World Series), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1951)
  • Feb 23 Konstantin Päts, Estonian Prime Minister (1921-23, 1932-33) and dictator (1933-40), born in Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1956)

Honus Wagner

Feb 24 Honus Wagner, American Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop (8 x NL batting champion; 5 × NL RBI / stolen base leader; Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Chartiers Borough, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)

  • Feb 26 Carl Vogler, Swiss composer, born in Oberrohrdorf (d. 1951)
  • Feb 28 Soledad Jiménez, Spanish actress (Kid Galahad, The Phantom of the Range), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1966)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 3 Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • Feb 8 David F. Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66
  • Feb 9 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • Feb 17 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), dies at 77
  • Feb 18 Louis Wigfall, American politician (Confederate States Senator from Texas 1862-85), dies at 57
  • Feb 24 Anselmo Clavé, Spanish politician and composer, dies at 49
  • Feb 27 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, dies at 54