On This Day

What Happened in February 1874

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • Feb 21 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Feb 23 Major Walter Clopton Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • Feb 27 Baseball 1st played in England at Lord's Cricket Ground

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet/dramatist/essayist
  • Feb 3 Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
  • Feb 6 Milton Bennett Medary, American architect (Washington Chapel), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1929)
  • Feb 9 Amy Lowell, American poet and critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1925)
  • Feb 9 Vsevolod Meyerhold [Karl Kasimir Theodor], Russian theatrical director and actor (Houligan), born in Penza Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • Feb 11 Elsa Beskow [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • Feb 11 Fritz Bennicke Hart, composer
  • Feb 13 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch journalist and politician (social-democratic)
  • Feb 15 Emilis Melngailis, Latvian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Vidriži, Russian Empire (d. 1954)

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

Feb 15 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Feb 16 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)

Person of interestThomas J. Watson

Feb 17 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), born in Campbell, New York (d. 1956)

Businessman Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
  • Feb 20 Mary Garden, Aberdeen Scotland, opera star
  • Feb 22 Bill Klem, American baseball umpire (d. 1951)
  • Feb 23 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)

Person of interestHonus Wagner

Feb 24 Honus Wagner, American Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop (8-time NL batting champion), born in Chartiers Borough, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Feb 26 Carl Vogler, Swiss composer, born in Oberrohrdorf (d. 1951)
  • Feb 28 Soledad Jiménez, Spanish actress (Kid Galahad, The Phantom of the Range), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1966)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 3 Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • Feb 8 David F Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66
  • Feb 9 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • Feb 17 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), dies at 77
  • Feb 18 Louis Wigfall, American politician (Confederate States Senator from Texas 1862-85), dies at 57
  • Feb 24 Anselmo Clavé, Spanish politician and composer, dies at 49
  • Feb 27 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, dies at 54