On This Day

What Happened in July 1874

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa
  • Jul 29 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • Jul 30 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
  • Jul 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Michel H. Campen, author and critic (Bikoerim)
  • Jul 3 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • Jul 5 Gerhard von Keussler, German composer, born in Gulbene, Latvia (d. 1949)

Person of interestEugen Fischer

Jul 5 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • Jul 7 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Austin Diamond, Australian cricketer (NSW batsman 1899-1919, Aust), born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England (d. 1966)
  • Jul 10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Jul 14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • Jul 14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • Jul 24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1917)
  • Jul 25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • Jul 26 Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American conductor (Boston Symphony), born in Vyshny Volochyok, Russia (d. 1951)
  • Jul 28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • Jul 29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • Jul 29 James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
  • Jul 31 Clarence Kolb, American actor and performer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1964)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 11 Xavier de Mérode, Belgium minister to the Pope in Rome, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 Fritz Reuter, German novelist, dies at 63