On This Day

What Happened in August 1875

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • Aug 14 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • Aug 22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

Captain Webb Conquers the English ChannelCaptain Webb Conquers the English Channel

Aug 25 Captain Matthew Webb makes the 1st observed and unassisted swim across the English Channel in 21 hours and 45 minutes

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An artist from the Illustrated London News drew this scene depicting Captain Webb’s arrival at Calais
An artist from the Illustrated London News drew this scene depicting Captain Webb’s arrival at Calais
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Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 2 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • Aug 6 Marcel Labey, French conductor and composer, born in Vésinet, France (d. 1968)
  • Aug 8 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • Aug 9 Albert William Ketèlbey, British pianist and composer (In A Monastery Garden), born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1959)
  • Aug 9 Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan-French composer, born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1947)
  • Aug 12 Ettore Panizza, composer
  • Aug 12 Mezio Agostini, Italian composer, born in Fano, Italy (d. 1944)
  • Aug 15 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • Aug 18 Johan E. Elias, Dutch historian (Amsterdam's regency), born in Amsterdam (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • Aug 21 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Aug 23 William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 26 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • Aug 27 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)

Famous Deaths


Person of interestHans Christian Andersen

Aug 4 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), dies at 70

  • Aug 10 Karl (Theodor) Andree, German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • Aug 17 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), dies at 48
  • Aug 27 William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • Aug 31 Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49