On This Day

What Happened in February 1875

Historical Events

  • Feb 24 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries
  • Feb 25 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 2 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • Feb 2 Friedrich-Max "Fritz" Kreisler, Austrian-American violinist and composer (Alt-Wiener Tanzweisen), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • Feb 4 Raymond Moulaert, Belgian pianist and composer, born in Brussels, Belgian (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • Feb 7 Erkki Melartin, Finnish composer (Juhlamarssi; Summer Symphony; Fantasia Apocaliptica), born in Käkisalmi, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1937)
  • Feb 7 Walter Courvoisier, composer
  • Feb 9 Sydney Hugo Nicholson, British choir director, organist, composer, and founder of the Royal School of Church Music, born in London (d. 1947)
  • Feb 11 Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer
  • Feb 18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • Feb 21 Jeanne Louise Calment, French world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • Feb 26 Emma Dunn, British-American stage, silent and sound film actress (Dr. Monica; Dr. Kildare (films); Hideaway), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1966)
  • Feb 26 Richard Wetz, German composer (Requiem, Op. 50 in B minor), born in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia (now Gliwice, Poland) (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27 Manuel Ugarte, Argentine diplomat, politician, newspaper owner, and author, born Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • Feb 28 Viliam Figus-Bystry, Slovakian composer, born in Banská Bystrica (d. 1937)

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 4 Princess Louise of Belgium marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belgium

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 William Sterndale Bennett, English composer, dies at 58
  • Feb 3 Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, Dutch writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • Feb 9 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), dies at 28
  • Feb 17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
  • Feb 19 Jean B. Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76

Charles Lyell

Feb 22 Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

  • Feb 22 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, dies at 78