On This Day

What Happened in January 1875

Historical Events

  • Jan 5 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
  • Jan 5 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Jan 12 Kwang-su becomes Emperor of China
  • Jan 24 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres
  • Jan 25 Anti-slavery society forms in New York
  • Jan 26 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Charles Rist, French economist
  • Jan 1 Frank Druce, English cricket batsman (5 Tests; Surrey), born in London, England (d. 1954)
  • Jan 7 Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • Jan 11 Reinhold Glière, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • Jan 12 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • Jan 14 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian theologian & writer (Nobel 1954), born in Kayserberg, France (d. 1965)
  • Jan 15 Tom Burke, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m, 400m 1896), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1929)

Person of interestIbn Saud

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • Jan 21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • Jan 21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • Jan 22 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)

Person of interestD. W. Griffith

Jan 22 D.W. Griffith, American film director and producer (Birth of a Nation, Intolerance), born in LaGrange, Kentucky (d. 1948)

Film Director D. W. Griffith
Film Director
D. W. Griffith
  • Jan 22 Thomas W Ross, American actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • Jan 28 Julian Antonio Carillo-Trujillo, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (opera's buff), dies at 68
  • Jan 3 Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Philbrick Webster, composer, dies at 55
  • Jan 20 Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
  • Jan 22 Charles Sprague, American banker and poet (Curiosity), dies at 83
  • Jan 23 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • Jan 25 Leopold Jansa, composer, dies at 79