On This Day

What Happened in March 1875

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • Mar 3 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 3 Georges Bizet's last and greatest opera "Carmen" premieres in Paris

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet
  • Mar 13 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers and Old Etonians draw 1-1; replay won by Engineers, 2-0
  • Mar 14 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • Mar 15 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • Mar 16 English FA Cup Final Replay, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers beat Old Etonians, 2-0 after initial 1-1 draw
  • Mar 18 37th Grand National: Tommy Pickernell wins his 3rd GN aboard 100/6 chance Pathfinder

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian
  • Mar 4 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • Mar 4 Enrique Larreta, [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • Mar 7 Maurice Ravel, French pianist & composer (Daphnis et Chloé; Boléro), born in Ciboure (d. 1937)
  • Mar 9 Martin Shaw, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • Mar 9 Evelyn Sears, American tennis player (US National 1907), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • Mar 10 Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser, Russian pianist & composer (Contrapuntal Sketches), born in Kishinev, Russia (d. 1961)
  • Mar 12 Julio Garreta, composer
  • Mar 13 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Mar 14 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian and author (Thackeray Dictionary), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)
  • Mar 14 Norman O'Neill, English composer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1934)
  • Mar 25 Spencer Charters, American actor (3 Faces West, Big Town Girl, St Louis Kid), born in Duncannon, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

Mar 26 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Mar 29 Paul Rubens, English musical comedy composer (Miss Hook of Holland), born in London (d. 1917)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Tristan Corbière, French poet, dies at 29
  • Mar 10 Joseph Daussoigne-Méhul, French composer, dies at 84
  • Mar 18 Ferdinand Laub, composer, dies at 43
  • Mar 20 John Mitchel, Irish nationalist (Jail Journal), dies at 59
  • Mar 25 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), dies at 60
  • Mar 27 Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
  • Mar 30 Marie Moke Pleyel, composer, dies at 63