On This Day

What Happened in October 1875

Historical Events

  • Oct 5 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 16 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Historic Event

Oct 16 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

  • Oct 22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • Oct 22 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.

Music Premiere

Oct 25 The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist


Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Henry Février, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • Oct 5 Cyril Rootham, English organist, composer, and educator born in Redland, Bristol (d. 1938)
  • Oct 8 Laurence Doherty, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1902-06, US Nationals 1903), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1919)
  • Oct 11 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • Oct 12 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • Oct 17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • Oct 18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • Oct 18 Len Braund, English cricket all-rounder (23 Tests, 3 x 100, 47 wickets; Surrey CCC, Somerset CCC), born in Clewer, Berkshire, England (d. 1955)
  • Oct 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (theory of covalent bonding), born in Weymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • Oct 26 H. B. Warner, British actor (Sunset Boulevard, The King of Kings), born in London, England (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • Oct 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Dutch Coasts) (d. 1961)

Sardar Patel

Oct 31 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1950)


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 10 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (Prince Serebrenni), dies at 58
  • Oct 12 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • Oct 19 Charles Wheatstone, English scientist (sound transmission), and inventor (English concertina; stereoscope; Playfair cipher), dies at 75
  • Oct 24 Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
  • Oct 28 William Howard Glover, English composer, dies at 56