On This Day

What Happened in September 1875

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband
  • Sep 9 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
  • Sep 10 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Sr. wins his 4th title; beats fellow Scot Bob Martin by 2 strokes
  • Sep 11 1st newspaper cartoon strip

Historic Event

Sep 23 Billy the Kid is arrested for the 1st time and jailed after receiving clothing stolen from a Chinese laundry. Escapes two days later.

  • Sep 25 Billy the Kid escapes jail in Silver City, New Mexico, by climbing out of a chimney and becomes a fugitive

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (Tarzan of the Apes, Mars Saga), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1950)
  • Sep 3 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • Sep 9 Jack O'Connor, Australian cricket fast bowler (4 Tests, 13 wickets, BB 5/40; NSW CA, SA CA), born in Boorowa, Australia (d. 1941)
  • Sep 10 Paul Scheinpflug, German composer, born in Loschwitz, Germany (d. 1937)
  • Sep 12 Matsunosuke Onoe [Tsuruzo Nakamura], Japanese actor (Araki Mataemon, Yajîkita: zenpen), born in Naka-ku, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)

James Cash Penney

Sep 16 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

  • Sep 17 Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin, composer (d. 1925)
  • Sep 18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), born in Osorno, Chile (d. 1945)
  • Sep 18 Henriette Renié, French harp prodigy, composer, and teacher, born in Paris, France (d. 1956)
  • Sep 22 Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Lithuanian composer, painter and writer, born in Senoji Varėna, Lithuania (d. 1911)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 15 Louise Farrenc (née Dumont), French pianist, composer and only female professor at the Paris Conservatory during the 19th century, dies at 71
  • Sep 24 William Walker, American composer (The Southern Harmony), dies at 66
  • Sep 28 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, dies at 58 [OS]