What Happened in August 1876

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • Aug 8 Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m

Historic Invention

Aug 8 Thomas Edison is granted the patent for Autographic Printing (US Patent 180,857)

  • Aug 10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • Aug 12 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Music History

Aug 13 The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

  • Aug 14 Prairie View State University forms
  • Aug 15 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • Aug 16 Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 17 Richard Wagner's opera "Götterdämmerung" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 24 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
  • Aug 31 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 5 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1958)

Mata Hari

Aug 7 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1917)

  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer (The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, British politician and diplomat, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33), born in Fulford, England (d. 1951)
  • Aug 17 Henri Winkelman, Dutch general, Commander-in-Chief of Dutch Armed Forces during WWII, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • Aug 22 Cornelis "Kees" Maks, Dutch figurative painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • Aug 29 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), born in Loudenville, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), born in Haeju, Hwanghae, Korea (d. 1949)

Famous Weddings

Annie Oakley

Aug 23 Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley weds traveling show marksman Frank E. Butler

Famous Deaths

Wild Bill Hickok

Aug 2 Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, shot dead from behind by Jack McCall while playing poker (he held a pair of Aces and a pair of 8's), dies at 39

  • Aug 10 Edward William Lane, British lexicographer and translator (One Thousand & One Nights), dies at 74
  • Aug 19 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), dies of fever at 36
  • Aug 21 Harry T. Hays, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 56