On This Day

What Happened in December 1876

Historical Events

  • Dec 5 Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • Dec 5 Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • Dec 6 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Pennsylvania

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 6 US Electoral College casts their votes in the disputed election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden; two sets of conflicting results are returned to Congress the next day

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Dec 7 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • Dec 8 Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • Dec 23 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • Dec 29 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula, Ohio, 92 die

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgarian poet (Iron Poems) (d. 1953)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Dec 7 Ludwig Schiedermair, German musicologist (Beethoven-Archiv), born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Dec 9 Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor (I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1940)
  • Dec 11 Mieczysław Karłowicz, Polish composer and conductor (Rebirth Symphony, Op. 7), born in Vishnyeva, Russian Empire (now Belarus) (d. 1909)
  • Dec 12 Alvin Kraenzlein, American track and field athlete (4 Olympic gold 1900), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1928)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Dec 19 Carlo Gatti, Italian musicologist (Verdi), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1965)
  • Dec 20 J. Van Oudshoorn [Jan Koos Feylbrief], Dutch writer (Maze of Senses), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 20 Walter Sydney Adams, American astronomer, born in Antioch, Turkey
  • Dec 22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

Dec 25 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • Dec 25 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)
  • Dec 29 Pablo Casals [Pau Casals i Defilló], Spanish cellist, conductor and composer, born in Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1973)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 3 Hermann Goetz, German composer, dies at 35
  • Dec 20 Hannah Omish, at 12 is youngest ever hanged in US