What Happened in March 1876

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • Mar 4 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • Mar 7 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians

Mr. Watson come here, I want you

Mar 10 First telephone call; Alexander Graham Bell says "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you" to his assistant Thomas Watson

  • Mar 11 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers and Old Estonians draw, 1-1; Wanderers win replay, 3-0 for 3rd title
  • Mar 16 Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
  • Mar 17 British high jump champion Marshall Jones Brooks clears 1.83m at Oxford, England for unofficial world record; thought to be first leap over 6'
  • Mar 17 General Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux Indian camps
  • Mar 18 English FA Cup Final Replay, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Old Estonians, 3-0 after initial 1-1 draw; Wanderers 3rd title
  • Mar 24 38th Grand National: Joe Cannon aboard 25/1 chance Regal wins by a neck from Congress
  • Mar 25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland defeat Wales (4-0)

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian aristocrat (3rd President International Olympic Committee 1925-42), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1942)

Pius XII

Mar 2 Pius XII [Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli], 260th Roman Catholic Pope (1939-58), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1958)

  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Elizabeth Moore, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1896, 1901, 03, 05), born in Brooklyn, NY (d. 1959)
  • Mar 7 Edgar Evans, Welsh explorer (part of Robert Scott's Terra Nova Expedition to Antarctica), born in Rhossili, Wales (d. 1912)
  • Mar 8 Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Puccini's Turandot), born in Posillipo, Italy (d. 1954)
  • Mar 10 Edvard Eriksen, Danish-Icelandic sculptor, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1959)
  • Mar 11 Carl Ruggles, American composer (Evocations), born in Marion, Massachusetts (d. 1971)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • Mar 16 Charles Halton, British stage actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1959)
  • Mar 17 Frederic Ayers, American composer, born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1926)
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 21 John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1943)
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Alfred Holmes, English violinist and composer, dies at 38
  • Mar 5 Marie d'Agoult [pen name Daniel Stern], French author and mother of composer Franz Liszt's children, dies at 70
  • Mar 9 Louise Colet, French Romantic poet who had long affair with Gustave Flaubert, dies at 65
  • Mar 18 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, dies at 65
  • Mar 19 Jozef Stefani, Polish composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield, American singer, known as "The Black Swan", who performed at Buckingham Palace for Queen Victoria, dies at about 57 [birthdate uncertain]