On This Day

What Happened in October 1876

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Bob Martin wins when fellow Scot Davie Strath refuses to take part in a playoff after pair finish on 176
  • Oct 6 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • Oct 9 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • Oct 16 Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Oct 23 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • Oct 26 South Carolina Governor Chamberlain sends a company of federal troops to quell racial disturbances in Cainhoy
  • Oct 31 Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), over 200,000 killed

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer and poet (Satyrs and Sunlight: Sylvarum Libri), born in Melbourne (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 8 Willie Smith, Scottish golfer (US Open 1899), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • Oct 10 Walter Niemann, German composer, born in Hamburg (d. 1953)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 13 Rube Waddell, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (Triple Crown, AL wins leader 1905; ERA leader 1900, 05; strikeout leader 1902–07; Philadelphia A's), born in Bradford, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • Oct 19 Mordecai "Three Finger" Brown, American Baseball HOF pitcher (World Series 1907, 08; NL wins leader 1909; MLB ERA leader 1906; Chicago Cubs), born in Nyesville, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • Oct 22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • Oct 22 [Joseph Jacinto] Jo Mora, Uruguayan-born American cartoonist, cowboy and illustrator who lived with the Hopi tribe and wrote extensively of his experiences, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1947)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 27 Jacqueline Royaards-Sandberg, Dutch actress (Un Soir Un Train), born in Pamekasan, Dutch Indies (d. 1976)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), born in Barneveld, Netherlands (d. 1933)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Henri Bertini, French classical composer and pianist, dies at 77
  • Oct 1 James Lick, American land baron in California, dies at 80
  • Oct 7 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, dies at 81
  • Oct 10 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • Oct 18 Francis Preston Blair, American journalist and newspaper editor (Washington Globe), dies at 85
  • Oct 20 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist and historian, dies at 68
  • Oct 29 Jacques Gregoir, Belgian composer and pianist, dies at 59