On This Day

What Happened in April 1877

Historical Events

  • Apr 2 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn

Flash! Bang! It's the Human Cannonball!Flash! Bang! It's the Human Cannonball!

Apr 2 1st human cannonball act performed by 14-year-old Rossa Matilda Richter known as Zazel at the Royal Aquarium in London

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"Zazel" makes her spectacular entrance over an astonished crowd
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  • Apr 6 British Open Men's Golf, Musselburgh Links: Jamie Anderson wins his first of 3 consecutive Championships; beats fellow Scot Bob Pringle by 2 shots
  • Apr 10 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • Apr 12 British annex Transvaal, South Africa
  • Apr 12 Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
  • Apr 15 Boston-Somerville installs the world's 1st telephone in Massachusetts
  • Apr 19 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • Apr 24 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • Apr 24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 27 Jules Massenet's opera "Le Roi de Lahore" (The King of Lahore) premieres at the Palais Garnier, Paris, France

Composer Jules Massenet
Composer
Jules Massenet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 2 Arnold Schering, German musicologist (Humor, Heldentum, Tragik), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Apr 6 Ted Ray, British golfer (British Open 1912, US Open 1920), born in Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Apr 10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Apr 17 Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1949)
  • Apr 18 Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician and author (Sotto Law, Republic Act No. 53), born in Cebu City, Spanish Empire (d. 1950)
  • Apr 19 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), born in Gjøvik, Norway (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Arthur Farwell, American composer, born in St Paul, Minnesota (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Charles Cuvillier, French composer of operetta (The Naughty Princess), born in Paris (d. 1955)
  • Apr 30 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 7 Errico Petrella, Italian composer, dies at 63
  • Apr 22 James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer, dies at 70