On This Day

What Happened in August 1877

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 San Francisco Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes

Historic Event

Aug 9 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

  • Aug 10 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • Aug 11 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos

Thomas Edison's Phonograph

Aug 12 Thomas Edison completes 1st model for the phonograph, a device that recorded sound onto tinfoil cylinders

  • Aug 17 American astronomer Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
  • Aug 22 Nez Perce (Niimíipu) indians flee into Yellowstone National Park
  • Aug 24 American outlaw John Wesley Hardin, wanted for murder, is arrested by Texas Rangers on a train in Pensacola, Florida

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), born in Middlesbrough, England (d. 1993)
  • Aug 1 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Willemstad, North Brabant (d. 1955)
  • Aug 4 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, born in Long Eaton, Derbyshire, England (d. 1970)
  • Aug 5 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter, born in Claremont, Ontario (d. 1917)
  • Aug 6 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1952)
  • Aug 7 Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (d. 1949)
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • Aug 10 Frank Marshall, American chess player (US Champion 1909-36), born in NYC, New York (d. 1944)
  • Aug 11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • Aug 16 Karl Hoschna, Tin Pan Alley-era composer (Every Little Movement), born in Kuschwarda, Bohemia (d. 1911)
  • Aug 25 Joshua L. Cowen, American inventor (electric train), born in NYC, New York (d. 1965)
  • Aug 26 Harriet Ware (Krumbhaar), American concert pianist, composer (Women's Triumphal March; The Rose Is Red; The Varying Shore), and music educator, born in Waupun, Wisconsin (d. 1962)

Charles Rolls

Aug 27 Charles Rolls, British aviator and auto manufacturer who co-founded Rolls Royce, born in Berkeley Square, London (d. 1910)

  • Aug 27 Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist (The Big Fisherman), born in Columbia City, Indiana (d. 1951)
  • Aug 27 Ernst Wetter, Member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Töss, Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • Aug 29 Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), born in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Lizzie Arlington, American baseball pitcher (first woman to play professional men's baseball 1898 Reading Coal Heavers), born in Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 3 Karl Georg Lickl, Austrian pianist, physharmonica (type of harmonium) player, and composer, dies at 75
  • Aug 3 William Butler Ogden, American real estate investor, politician (1st Mayor of Chicago, 1837-38), railroad executive (president of Union Pacific, 1862-63), and philanthropist, dies at 72
  • Aug 5 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden, dies at 77
  • Aug 12 James Drummond, Scottish historical painter, (b. 1816)
  • Aug 30 Raphael Semmes, American Rear Admiral (Confederate Navy), dies at 67