What Happened in July 1877

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • Jul 9 First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only
  • Jul 10 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
  • Jul 11 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • Jul 14 General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • Jul 19 1st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
  • Jul 20 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • Jul 21 -27] US army breaks railroad strike
  • Jul 23 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • Jul 23 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • Jul 24 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • Jul 31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • Jul 6 David Stanley Smith, American composer (Merrymount), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1949)
  • Jul 6 Niceto A Zamora y Torres, premier/president of Spain (1931-36)
  • Jul 13 Karl Erb, German tenor
  • Jul 16 Béla Schick, Hungarian/US children artist (Serum Krankheit)
  • Jul 19 Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (d. 1949)
  • Jul 24 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1954)
  • Jul 27 Ernő Dohnányi, Hungarian composer and conductor (d. 1960)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 6 Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (37) weds Antonina Miliukova (29) at the Church of Saint George in Moscow, Russia

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 11 Scientist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell (30) weds Mabel Hubbard (19) at the Hubbard estate in Cambridge, Massachusetts

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 13 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65