What Happened in March 1877

Historical Events

Election of Interest

Mar 2 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)

  • Mar 3 Rutherford B. Hayes takes the oath of office privately as official inauguration day falls on a Sunday
  • Mar 4 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow

Music History

Mar 4 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" has its world premiere, performed by the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow

  • Mar 5 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • Mar 15 Cricket's inaugural Test match commences as Australia plays England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground; Australia wins by 45 runs in 4 days
  • Mar 15 Australian batsman Charles Bannerman completes first Test century in cricket history in 1st Test v England in Melbourne; retires hurt on 165 the following day
  • Mar 17 Australia's English born all-rounder Billy Midwinter completes Test cricket's first 5-wicket haul, 5-78 in the first ever Test match v England in Melbourne
  • Mar 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 23 39th Grand National: Fred Hobson aboard 15/1 shot Austerlitz wins by 4 lengths from Congress
  • Mar 24 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 24 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2–1 (a.e.t.); Wanderers' 4th title
  • Mar 31 British High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown

Sports History

Mar 31 Test Cricket debut of feared Australian fast bowler Fred "The Demon" Spofforth; Australia loses 2nd Test by 4 wickets vs England at Melbourne Cricket Ground

  • Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • Mar 4 Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Russian composer and pianist, born in Moscow (d. 1957)
  • Mar 4 Daniel van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • Mar 4 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 9 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Mar 10 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • Mar 15 Malcolm Whitman, American tennis player (US Nat C'ships 1898-1900), born in New York, NY (d. 1932)
  • Mar 17 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • Mar 18 Clem Hill, Australian cricket batsman and captain (49 Tests, 7 x 100, HS 191; South Australia CA), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1945)
  • Mar 18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • Mar 25 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 29 Reginald Goss-Custard, British organist, arranger and composer (Chelsea Fayre), born in St. Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex, England (d. 1956)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • Mar 9 Mark Prager Lindo, English Dutch author (Neth Spectator), dies at 58
  • Mar 12 Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer, dies at 52
  • Mar 13 Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor and Shakespearean critic, dies at 89
  • Mar 24 Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
  • Mar 25 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 51
  • Mar 28 Vincenzo Fioravanti, Italian composer, dies at 77
  • Mar 31 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75