On This Day

What Happened in March 1877

Historical Events


Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 2 US Electoral Commission declares Rutherford B. Hayes (R) winner of the presidential election with an electoral vote of 185-184 against Samuel J. Tilden (D)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 4 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 5 Rutherford B. Hayes publicly inaugurated as 19th President of the United States
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.

Historic InventionEarmuffs on, shhhh!

Mar 13 American Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs after inventing them at age 15
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Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for
Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for "ear-mufflers" and inset, Greenwood modeling his earmuffs
  • Mar 15 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at the MCG, Melbourne, Australia
  • Mar 16 Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
  • Mar 17 Bill Midwinter completes Test Cricket's 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 US President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 23 39th Grand National: Fred Hobson aboard 15/1 shot Austerlitz wins by 4 lengths from Congress
  • Mar 24 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 24 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2–1 (a.e.t.); Wanderers' 4th title
  • Mar 31 British High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Test Cricket debut of feared Australian fast bowler Fred "The Demon" Spofforth; Australia loses 2nd Test by 4 wickets vs England at Melbourne Cricket Ground

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Cricketer
Fred Spofforth
  • Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • Mar 4 Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, composer
  • Mar 4 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • Mar 4 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 9 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Mar 10 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • Mar 15 Malcolm Whitman, American tennis player (US Nat C'ships 1898-1900), born in New York, NY (d. 1932)
  • Mar 17 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • Mar 18 Clem Hill, cricketer (all-time great Australian batsman)
  • Mar 18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • Mar 25 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Hendrik E van Rijgersma, Dutch governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • Mar 9 Mark Prager Lindo, English Dutch author (Neth Spectator), dies at 58
  • Mar 12 Crystobal Oudrid y Segura, composer, dies at 52
  • Mar 13 Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor and Shakespearean critic, dies at 89
  • Mar 24 Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
  • Mar 25 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 51
  • Mar 28 Vincenzo Fioravanti, Italian composer, dies at 77
  • Mar 31 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75