On This Day

What Happened in November 1877

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • Nov 9 American Chemical Society chartered in NY
  • Nov 17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • Nov 17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia

Historic InventionThomas Edison's Phonograph

Nov 29 US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time
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Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Roger Quilter, British composer, born in Hove, Sussex (d. 1953)
  • Nov 2 Claire McDowell, American actress (Big Parade), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • Nov 2 Victor Trumper, Australian cricket batsman (48 Tests, top score 214; key figure foundation of rugby league in Australia), born in Sydney, NSW (d. 1915)

Person of interestAga Khan III

Nov 2 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Nov 2 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, 19th and 25th President of Chile, born in Chillán, Chile (d. 1960)
  • Nov 7 Henry Balfour Gardiner, English composer and musician, born in Kensington, England (d. 1950)
  • Nov 9 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, born in Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India (d. 1938)
  • Nov 9 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Nov 9 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • Nov 14 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/author (Emergency Horn)
  • Nov 14 Norman Brookes, Australian tennis player (Wimbledon 1907, 14), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1968)
  • Nov 16 Halliwell Hobbes, British actor (Gaslight, Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), born in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Nov 17 Frank Calder, the first NHL President (d. 1943)
  • Nov 18 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), born in Ryde, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1959)
  • Nov 21 Louis Campbell-Tipton, American composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1921)
  • Nov 21 Sigfrid Karg-Elert, German composer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Germany (d. 1933)
  • Nov 22 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), born in Ermindszent, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • Nov 22 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona, born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • Nov 24 Alben W Barkley, Graves County Ky, (35th Vice Pres-D-1949-53)
  • Nov 24 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian CID Commissioner of Police (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, born in London (d. 1946)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton, American politician (Governor of Indiana), dies of a stroke at 56
  • Nov 2 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal, dies at 93
  • Nov 13 Pietro Antonio Coppola, Italian composer, dies at 83