On This Day

What Happened in October 1877

Historical Events

  • Oct 5 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • Oct 9 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • Oct 15 First session of the US 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes in Washington D.C.

Historic Event

Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Music Premiere

Oct 20 Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B premieres

  • Oct 22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 William C. Fownes Jr, American golfer and administrator (US Amateur C'ship 1910; President US Golf Ass'n 1926-27), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1950)
  • Oct 4 Razor Smith, English cricket spin bowler (245 first class matches, Surry CCC), born in Oxford, England (d. 1946)
  • Oct 8 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Oct 11 John Parsons Beach, American composer, born in Gloversville, New York (d. 1953)
  • Oct 13 Bernard Bosanquet, English cricketer (pioneer of googly), born in Bulls Cross, Enfield, Middlesex, England (d. 1936)
  • Oct 18 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • Oct 20 Josephine McGill, American composer and folksong collector, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1919)

Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt

Oct 20 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman (New York Central Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)

  • Oct 24 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, born in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Oct 24 Rika Hopper, Dutch actress (Cesare, The Tars, Anastasia), born in Assen, Drenthe, Netherlands (d. 1964)
  • Oct 25 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)
  • Oct 27 George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
  • Oct 28 Joe Adams, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals), born in Cowden, Illinois (d. 1952)
  • Oct 29 Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (Yorks & Eng SLA, played Tests 1899-1930), born in Kirkheaton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1973)
  • Oct 29 Narcisa de León, Filipino film mogul, born in San Miguel, Bulacan, Philippines (d. 1966)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 63
  • Oct 10 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, dies at 76
  • Oct 14 Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart, French composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 16 John Zwijsen, archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • Oct 16 Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • Oct 28 Johann Herbeck, composer, dies at 45
  • Oct 28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)