What Happened in September 1877

Historical Events

  • Sep 5 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • Sep 11 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • Sep 20 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Historic Event

Sep 22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

  • Sep 23 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • Sep 24 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • Sep 27 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • Sep 30 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Francis William Aston, British chemist and physicist who won a Nobel laureate for his work with isotopes and the whole number rule, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1945)

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy (1877-1956)

Sep 2 English radiochemist and Nobel laureate (radioactive substances, isotopes), born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England

  • Sep 5 Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter and etcher, born in Schaarbeek, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • Sep 6 Charles "Buddy" Bolden, African-American jazz cornetist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1931)
  • Sep 6 Petar Stojanovic, Serbian composer, born in Budapest (d. 1957)
  • Sep 7 Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player, born in Maum, County Galway, Ireland (d. 1959)
  • Sep 9 Frank Chance, American Baseball HOF first baseman (World Series 1907, 08; 2 x NL stolen base leader; NL runs leader 1906 Chicago Orphans/Cubs) and manager (Chicago Cubs, NY Yankees, Boston RS), born in Salida, California (d. 1924)
  • Sep 9 Jesús Castillo, Guatemalan composer (Quiché Vinak), born in San Juan Ostuncalco (d. 1946)
  • Sep 10 Georgia Douglas Johnson, African American poet and playwright (Autumn Love Cycle), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1966)
  • Sep 11 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Polish-born Bolshevik leader established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB), born in Ivyanets, Lithuania (d. 1926)
  • Sep 11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • Sep 13 Stanley Lord, Captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster, born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1962)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • Sep 15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, born in Bystřice pod Hostýnem, Czech Republic (d. 1938)
  • Sep 15 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, born in Zduńska Wola, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • Sep 16 Willem Huibert Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Pandji), born in Roosendaal, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Sep 17 Jean Hure, French composer and organist, born in Gien, Loire (d. 1930)
  • Sep 18 Jozef de Voght, Flemish priest and songwriter (Under the Snow), born in Broechem, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Sep 20 Armand Marsick, Belgian composer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • Sep 25 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), born in Guaymas, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Alfred Cortot, French-Swiss pianist and teacher, born in Nyon, Vaud, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • Sep 26 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), born in London, England (d. 1959)
  • Sep 26 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (discovered the method of electroconvulsive therapy), born in Conegliano, Italy (d. 1963)
  • Sep 28 Stanner E.V. Taylor, American director and screenwriter (Lucky Jim, Ramona), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1948)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral, freedom fighter and politician (b. 1793)
  • Sep 3 Adolphe Thiers, French statesman, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), dies at 80

Crazy HorseCrazy Horse (1840-1877)

Sep 5 Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), dies at 37

  • Sep 12 Julius Reitz, German cellist, composer, teacher, and music editor, dies at 64

William Henry Fox TalbotWilliam Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877)

Sep 17 English photographic pioneer, dies at 77

  • Sep 23 Urbain JJ Leverrier, codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
  • Sep 25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • Sep 26 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, dies at 68
  • Sep 30 Toohoolhoolzote, prophet of Nez Perce indians, dies in battle