What Happened in February 1878

Historical Events

  • Feb 2 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • Feb 10 Pact of Zanjón signed between Cubans rebels and the Spanish bringing the 10 Years War to an end

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 10 Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres

  • Feb 11 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • Feb 11 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • Feb 12 Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
  • Feb 16 Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • Feb 17 1st telephone exchange in San Francisco opens with 18 phones
  • Feb 18 John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

1stHistoric Invention

Feb 19 Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 21 World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • Feb 22 Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo, Ohio)
  • Feb 28 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
  • Feb 1 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
  • Feb 2 Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • Feb 2 Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Joseph Gordon Coates, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28), born in Ruatuna, New Zealand (d. 1943)
  • Feb 5 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 6 Waclaw Gieburowski, composer
  • Feb 7 Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
  • Feb 8 Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
  • Feb 14 Julius Nieuwland, Hansbeke Belgium, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene)
  • Feb 16 Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist and composer (Daniel Hjort), born in Pori, Finland (d. 1951)
  • Feb 21 Fritz Cortolezis, composer
  • Feb 21 Mirra Richard [The Mother], French-born Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • Feb 22 Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • Feb 23 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • Feb 27 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Feb 28 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • Feb 28 Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • Feb 2 Josip Runjanin, Croatian Serb composer (Croatian National Anthem) and soldier, dies at 56
  • Feb 7 Pius IX, "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • Feb 8 Elias M. Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum), dies at 83
  • Feb 10 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), dies at 64
  • Feb 17 Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet, dies at 59
  • Feb 18 Peter D Regout, industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • Feb 19 Charles F Daubigny, French restaurateur/painter, dies at 61
  • Feb 22 Franz Hunten, composer, dies at 84