What Happened in July 1878

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Jul 5 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established
  • Jul 7 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9 An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Missouri
  • Jul 12 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • Jul 17 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 20 2nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
  • Jul 26 In California, poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestGeorge M. Cohan

Jul 3 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President, Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer George M. Cohan
Composer, Actor, Singer and Producer
George M. Cohan
  • Jul 5 Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
  • Jul 6 Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • Jul 8 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • Jul 15 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter/graphic artist
  • Jul 17 Henri Zagwijn, composer
  • Jul 19 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • Jul 22 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • Jul 24 Lord Dunsany, [Edward JMD Plunkett], Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • Jul 25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d.1963)
  • Jul 27 Th to de Weeme, painter
  • Jul 29 Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin, composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 7 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • Jul 17 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian/Aust poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • Jul 21 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, dies at 27
  • Jul 23 Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo, composer, dies at 70
  • Jul 23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • Jul 28 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (b. 1820)