What Happened in July 1878

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Jul 5 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • Jul 7 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9 An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
  • Jul 12 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • Jul 17 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 20 2nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
  • Jul 26 In California, poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President, Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

Composer George M. Cohan
George M. Cohan
  • Jul 5 Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist/conductor/composer
  • Jul 6 Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • Jul 8 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • Jul 15 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter/graphic artist
  • Jul 17 Henri Zagwijn, composer
  • Jul 19 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-1st-Member of parliament (About Plato)
  • Jul 22 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • Jul 22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • Jul 24 Lord Dunsany, [Edward JMD Plunkett], Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • Jul 25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d.1963)
  • Jul 27 Th to de Weeme, painter
  • Jul 29 Don Marquis, Ill, journalist/poet (archy & mehitabel) (d. 1937)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin, composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 7 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • Jul 17 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian/Aust poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • Jul 21 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, dies at 27
  • Jul 23 Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo, composer, dies at 70
  • Jul 23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • Jul 28 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (b. 1820)