What Happened in June 1878

Historical Events

  • Jun 4 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • Jun 8 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
  • Jun 11 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • Jun 13 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • Jun 15 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), born in Ledbury, Herefordshire (d. 1967)
  • Jun 4 Frank N D Buchman, US theologist (Moral Rearmament)
  • Jun 5 William Franklin "Frank" Smith, American actor (Cowboy & Bandit, Scarlet Car, Frontier Days), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Jun 5 [Francisco] Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary/guerrilla leader
  • Jun 6 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney (d. 1956)
  • Jun 12 James O Curwood, American journalist/writer (Kazan the wolfdog)
  • Jun 17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • Jun 19 James M Kilroe, priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
  • Jun 25 Jean Gallon, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1959)
  • Jun 26 Albert Siklos, composer
  • Jun 26 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Jun 27 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile, secretary-general of PTT, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 6 Gottfried Herrmann, composer, dies at 70
  • Jun 6 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
  • Jun 12 Hendrik J Jut, Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
  • Jun 12 William Cullen Bryant, American poet, dies at 83
  • Jun 16 Crawford Long, American physician (b. 1815)
  • Jun 23 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (Back River), dies at 81
  • Jun 26 Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)