What Happened in March 1878

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • Mar 3 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • Mar 13 Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
  • Mar 18 City of Anaheim in California incorporates for the 2nd time
  • Mar 24 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • Mar 29 40th Grand National: John Jones aboard 7/1 chance Shifnal wins by 2 lengths from Martha

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Gabriel Édouard Xavier Dupont, French composer, born in Caen, France (d. 1914)
  • Mar 2 Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4 Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 4 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • Mar 7 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 12 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
  • Mar 14 Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Forces of the Future), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1950)
  • Mar 15 Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
  • Mar 15 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
  • Mar 16 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 16 Henry B Walthall, American actor (The Birth of a Nation, Klondike), born in Shelby City, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Mar 21 Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
  • Mar 22 Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • Mar 23 Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
  • Mar 24 Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 25 Theodore Samuel Holland, composer
  • Mar 27 Miller Huggins, American Baseball Hall of Fame 2nd baseman, manager (NY Yankees WS 1923, 27-28) born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1929)
  • Mar 31 Jack Johnson, American boxer (1st African-American heavyweight champion [1908-15]), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1946)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 20 53rd UK Prime Minister Archibald Primrose (31) weds heiress Hannah de Rothschild (27) at the Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, dies at 81
  • Mar 16 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • Mar 20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • Mar 24 Albin Masek, Czech composer, dies at 73
  • Mar 27 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • Mar 27 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

Person of interestMark Hopkins

Mar 29 Mark Hopkins, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Mark Hopkins
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Mark Hopkins