On This Day

What Happened in March 1878

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 First winter ascent of Aneto, highest mountain in the Pyrenees
  • Mar 3 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • Mar 13 Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
  • Mar 18 City of Anaheim in California incorporates for the 2nd time
  • Mar 23 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Royal Engineers, 3–1; Wanderers' back-to-back and 5th title overall
  • Mar 24 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • Mar 29 40th Grand National: John Jones aboard 7/1 chance Shifnal wins by 2 lengths from Martha

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Gabriel Édouard Xavier Dupont, French composer, born in Caen, France (d. 1914)
  • Mar 2 Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
  • Mar 2 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • Mar 4 Egbert Van Alstyne, American popular music songwriter and ragtime pianist ("In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree"; "For Your Boy and My Boy"), born in Marengo, Illinois (d. 1951) [1]
  • Mar 4 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • Mar 7 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • Mar 10 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • Mar 12 Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
  • Mar 12 Joseph Gustav Mraczek, German violinist, conductor, composer (Max und Moritz) and pedagogue, born in Brno, Bohemia (d. 1944)
  • Mar 14 Carel T. Scharten, Dutch poet and writer (Forces of the Future), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1950)
  • Mar 15 Sammy Carter, Australian cricket wicketkeeper (28 Tests, 65 dismissals), born in Northowram, Yorkshire, England (d. 1948)
  • Mar 15 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), born in Alasht, Savad Kooh, Mazandaran, Persia (d. 1944)
  • Mar 16 Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
  • Mar 16 Henry B Walthall, American actor (The Birth of a Nation, Klondike), born in Shelby City, Alabama (d. 1936)
  • Mar 21 Thurlow Lieurance, American composer (By the Waters of Minnetonka; Sad Moon on Falling Leaf), ethno-musicologist (Indigenous peoples), and educator, born in Oskaloosa, Iowa (d. 1963)
  • Mar 22 Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (Olympic gold representing France, marathon 1900), born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1923)
  • Mar 23 Franz Schreker [Schrecker], Austrian conductor, composer (Die Gezeichneten; Der ferne Klang), teacher, and administrator born in Monaco (d. 1934)
  • Mar 24 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • Mar 25 Theodore Samuel Holland, British composer and pedagogue, born in Wimbledon (d. 1947)
  • Mar 27 Miller Huggins, American Baseball Hall of Fame 2nd baseman, manager (NY Yankees WS 1923, 27-28), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1929)
  • Mar 28 Arthur B. Spingarn, American lawyer and civil rights activist (NAACP-chairman 1940-65) (d. 1971)

Jack Johnson

Mar 31 Jack Johnson, American boxer (1st African-American world heavyweight champion 1908-15), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1946) [1]


Famous Weddings

Archibald Primrose

Mar 20 53rd UK Prime Minister Archibald Primrose (31) weds heiress Hannah de Rothschild (27) at the Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, dies at 81
  • Mar 6 Julius Caesar, English cricket batsman (first English tours to North America 1859-60, Australia & NZ 1864-5; Surrey CCC), dies from dropsy at 47
  • Mar 16 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • Mar 20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • Mar 24 Albin Masek, Czech composer, dies at 73
  • Mar 27 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • Mar 27 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

Mark Hopkins

Mar 29 Mark Hopkins, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64