On This Day

What Happened in November 1878

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)

Theater Premiere

Nov 6 Henrik Ibsen's play "Samfundets Stotter" (pillars of Society) premieres in Oslo

  • Nov 10 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • Nov 17 First assassination attempt against King Umberto I of Italy

Artist's 'Rocket' Shot Down in Flames

Nov 28 Whistler v. Ruskin, the most famous trial in art history, ends with artist James McNeill Whistler awarded a token farthing in compensation after suing the writer and critic John Ruskin for libel, seeking £1,000 damages [1]


Famous Birthdays

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Nov 1 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1959)

  • Nov 1 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter, born in Hellenurme Manor, Elva Parish, Governorate of Livonia (d. 1925)
  • Nov 6 Ernest Irving, English composer, born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1953)
  • Nov 7 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (discovered the nuclear fission of uranium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1968)
  • Nov 13 John C Kielstra, Dutch economist and governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • Nov 13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Nov 14 Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • Nov 14 Julie Manet, French painter, daughter of Berthe Morisot (d. 1966)
  • Nov 17 Grace Abbott, American social worker (US Children Bureau), born in Grand Island, Nebraska
  • Nov 21 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, born in Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia (d. 1949)
  • Nov 23 Ernest King, US fleet admiral (Chief of Naval Operations in WWII), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 1956)
  • Nov 23 Holcombe Ward, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1904; President USLTA 1937-47), born in New York, NY (d. 1967)
  • Nov 23 André Caplet, French composer and conductor (Conte Fantastic; Le miroir de Jesus), born on a boat sailing between Le Havre (Seine-Maritime) and Honfleur (Calvados) in France (d. 1925)
  • Nov 24 Mark N Tod, English classicist/historian
  • Nov 25 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • Nov 26 (Marshall) "Major" Taylor, American track cyclist (first African-American world champion; 1899 World Track C'ships), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1932)
  • Nov 27 Mabel Wheeler Daniels, American composer (Deep Forest, The Desolate City), born in Swampscott, Massachusetts (d. 1971)
  • Nov 27 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, born in Jamsherpur, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1948).
  • Nov 28 Jozef van Mierlo, Belgian Jesuit and literary (Hadewych), born in Turnhout, Belgium (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 28 Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti, Italian classical guitarist and composer, dies at 78
  • Nov 28 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • Nov 30 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), dies at 61