On This Day

What Happened in October 1878

Historical Events

  • Oct 4 British Open Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Jamie Anderson wins 2nd of 3 consecutive Championships; beats Bob Kirk by 2 strokes
  • Oct 15 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 17 After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Oct 18 Edison makes electricity available for household use
  • Oct 18 Anti-socialist laws are ratified in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Oct 22 The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Geschichtsfilosofie), born in Vienna (d. 1950)
  • Oct 2 François Conrad Schlumberger, French physicist, born in Guebwiller, Upper Rhine (d. 1936)
  • Oct 5 Louise Dresser [Kerlin], American actress (Maid of Salem), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1965)
  • Oct 9 Robert Warwick, American actor (Falcon's Adventure), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1964)
  • Oct 12 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, born in Groß-Enzersdorf, Austria (d. 1936)
  • Oct 13 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest, born in O'Connell Town, Yass, New South Wales (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15 Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (May-June 1940), born in Barcelonette, France (d. 1966)
  • Oct 16 Carlos Pedrell, composer
  • Oct 16 Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • Oct 17 Henri Mulet, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Oct 18 James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • Oct 19 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), born in Langenfelde near Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • Oct 25 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1949)
  • Oct 29 Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general (China, WW II)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer, dies of yellow fever at 54
  • Oct 25 Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer, composer, dies at 89