On This Day

What Happened in March 1879

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Library of Hawaii founded
  • Mar 3 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • Mar 3 US Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
  • Mar 23 War of the Pacific fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia a landlocked country.
  • Mar 27 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • Mar 28 41st Grand National: Garry Moore aboard 5/1 chance The Liberator wins by 2 lengths from Jackal
  • Mar 29 Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 29 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Old Etonians beat Clapham Rovers, 1-0; Charles Clerke scores winner

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 Bernhard Kellermann, German writer (Der Tunnel), born in Fürth, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Mar 5 Walter Long, American actor (Moby-Dick, Sheik, Sea Devils, Dragnet Patrol), born in Nashua, New Hampshire (d. 1952)
  • Mar 5 Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • Mar 8 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • Mar 8 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Mar 11 Justus Hermann Wetzel, composer
  • Mar 11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

Albert Einstein

Mar 14 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist famous for his theory of relativity and E = mc2 (1921 Nobel Prize for Physics), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

  • Mar 15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)

Cluny MacPherson

Mar 18 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland (d. 1966)

  • Mar 19 Joseph Haas, German late romantic opera composer (Tobias Wunderlich, Totenmesse), born in Maihingen, Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • Mar 20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 25 Otakar Zich, Czech composer, born in Městec Králové (d. 1934)
  • Mar 26 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer (George Washington Bridge; Walt Whitman Bridge; Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Edward Steichen, American photographer (Family of Man), born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • Mar 30 Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (World Alllround Speed Skating champion 1905), born in Edam. Netherlands (d. 1954)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician, dies at 54
  • Mar 2 John Eberhard Faber, German-American pencil manufacturer and built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US, dies at 56
  • Mar 13 Adolf Anderssen, German World Chess Champion (1851-66), dies at 60
  • Mar 30 David van der Kellen, Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • Mar 30 Thomas Couture, French painter/author, dies at 63