On This Day

What Happened in October 1879

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Cincinnati Enquirer publishes first report on Baseball's reserve clause; rights to players retained by team upon the contract's expiration; replaced by free agency
  • Oct 7 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • Oct 8 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • Oct 12 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Oct 19 Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign

Historic Invention

Oct 22 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb


Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Wallace Stevens, American poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Oct 3 Warner Oland, Swedish actor (The Jazz Singer, Charlie Chan), born in Nyby, Västerbottens län, Sweden (d. 1938)
  • Oct 4 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, born in Du Quoin, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 Halfdan Cleve [née Klewe], Norwegian pianist and composer, born in Kongsberg, Norway (d. 1951)
  • Oct 5 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • Oct 7 Joe Hill, Jevla Sweden, organizer (IWW)/songwriter (Union Scab)/martyr
  • Oct 7 Joseph Bovet, composer
  • Oct 8 Chen Duxiu, Chinese revolutionary socialist and author who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party with Li Dazhao and was the 1st General Secretary (1921-27), born in Anqing, Anhui, Qing dynasty of China (d. 1927)
  • Oct 9 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • Oct 13 Peter Van Anrooy, Dutch conductor and composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie), born in Zaltbommel, the Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Oct 15 Jane Darwell [Patti Woodward], American actress (The Grapes of Wrath, Huckleberry Finn), born in Palmyra, Missouri (d. 1967)
  • Oct 18 Grzegorz Fitelberg, Polish violinist/conductor/composer, born in Daugavpils, Russian Empire (now Latvia); (d. 1953)
  • Oct 21 Marie Joseph Canteloube de Malaret, composer
  • Oct 21 Willie Anderson, Scottish golfer (US Open 1901, 1903-05), born in North Berwick, Scotland (d. 1910)
  • Oct 22 Joe Carr, American Pro Football HOF contributor (NFL President 1921-39), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • Oct 25 Jean Rogister, Belgian virtuoso violist and composer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1964)
  • Oct 25 Mayhew Lester Lake, American composer, born in Southville, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • Oct 28 Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta, Spanish composer, born in Madrid (d. 1953)
  • Oct 28 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1968)

Franz von Papen

Oct 29 Franz von Papen, German diplomat and chancellor (1932), born in Werl, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1969)

  • Oct 29 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1933-41), born in Del Norte, Colorado (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Eily Malyon, British actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch, Devotion), born in London, England (d. 1961)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 8 Miguel Grau Seminario 'Gentleman of the Seas', Peruvian Admiral, dies during the Battle of Angamos at 45
  • Oct 13 Henry Charles Carey, American economist (Principles of Poli Economy), dies at 85
  • Oct 14 F Kornberger, writer, dies at 58

Angelina Grimké

Oct 26 Angelina Grimké, American abolitionist, women's rights activist and suffragette (An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South), dies at 74

  • Oct 27 John Wilkins Whitfield, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 61
  • Oct 28 Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • Oct 31 Big Snake, brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear, dies
  • Oct 31 Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • Oct 31 Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)