On This Day

What Happened in August 1880

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 3 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, NY, first Commodore William L. Alden
  • Aug 14 Ceremony to mark the completion of Cologne Cathedral attended by Emperor William I. First begun in 1248, now the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.

Historic Event

Aug 16 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs


Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 5 Gertrude E Durden Rush, American composer, and playwright (Black Girls Burden), born in Navasota, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 6 Hans Moser, Austrian actor (Hello Service Man, Once Upon a Time), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1964)
  • Aug 7 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • Aug 8 Earle Page, Australian politician (d. 1961)
  • Aug 10 Clarence Cameron White, American concert violinist, and composer (Ouanga!), born in Clarksville, Tennessee (d. 1960)
  • Aug 10 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Aug 11 Frederick Jerome Work, composer
  • Aug 12 Christy Mathewson, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (World Series 1905, 21; Triple Crown 1905, 08; NL wins leader 1905, 07, 08, 10; 2 x no-hitters; NY Giants), born in Factoryville, Pennsylvania (d. 1925)
  • Aug 12 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • Aug 14 Fred Alexander, American tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1908, 5-time US Indoor winner), born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1969)
  • Aug 17 Leo Ascher, Austrian-born composer who moved to the US, born in Vienna (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Percy Sherwell, South African cricketer (great South African batsman-keeper-captain), born in Isipingo, Natal (d. 1948)
  • Aug 21 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • Aug 22 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • Aug 22 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Aug 23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Aug 24 Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, Scottish baron and diplomat (d. 1964)
  • Aug 25 Robert E. Stolz, Austrian composer and conductor, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1975)
  • Aug 26 Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet and art critic (coined the term 'Cubism'), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1918)
  • Aug 29 Marie-Louise Meilleur, French Canadian supercentenarian lived past 117, born in Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada (d. 1998)

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Aug 31 Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1962)


Famous Deaths

  • Aug 5 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • Aug 15 Adelaide Neilson, English stage actress (Julia-The Hunchback), dies while horse riding at 32
  • Aug 16 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (41st Governor of Georgia), dies at 67
  • Aug 17 Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist and composer (b. 1810)
  • Aug 28 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, dies at 75
  • Aug 29 Paul Octave Hébert, American Brigadier General and 14th Governor of Louisiana, dies at 61
  • Aug 29 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Bvt Major General (Union Army), dies at 47