On This Day

What Happened in November 1880

Historical Events


Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 8 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, makes her US debut at NY's Booth Theater
  • Nov 11 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • Nov 21 Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestAlfred Wegener

Nov 1 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • Nov 1 Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (New York Herald Tribune 1914-30, Colliers 1925-37), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 1954)
  • Nov 1 Karel Paul van der Mandele, Dutch financier and director (Rotterdam Bank), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1975)
  • Nov 1 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • Nov 2 John Foulds, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939
  • Nov 3 Edward Barrett, Irish heavyweight wrestler and all-round sportsman (Olympic gold tug-of-war 1908), born in Ballyduff, County Kerry (d. 1932)
  • Nov 3 Raffaele Casimiri, Italian musicologist and composer, born in Gualdo Tadino, Italy (d. 1943)
  • Nov 6 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), born in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 1942)
  • Nov 6 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Nov 9 Rudolph Karel, Czech composer, born in Pilsen, Czech Republic (d. 1945)
  • Nov 10 Aart A van Schelven, Dutch church historian (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 10 Jacob Epstein, American-English sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Nov 14 Eugene O'Brien, American actor (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), born inBoulder, Colorado (d. 1966)
  • Nov 20 George McBride, American MLB shortstop and manager (AL fielding leader 1912-15), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1973)
  • Nov 21 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, born in London (d. 1969)
  • Nov 25 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1960)
  • Nov 28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • Nov 28 Marinus van Meel, Dutch aviator and aircraft manufacturer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 7 Carl Friedrich Weitzmann, composer, dies at 72
  • Nov 8 Jacob Edvard Gille, composer, dies at 66
  • Nov 11 Lucretia Mott, American Quaker, abolitionist and women's right activist (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies at 87

BattleNed Kelly

Nov 11 Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Nov 19 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch poet (Herbert and Clara) and church historian, dies at 74
  • Nov 24 NapolĂ©on Henri Reber, French composer, dies at 73
  • Nov 26 Guilherme Cossoul, Portuguese composer, dies at 52
  • Nov 28 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, dies at 43