What Happened in April 1881

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • Apr 1 Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
  • Apr 5 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • Apr 11 River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River, Ontario, 180 die
  • Apr 11 Spelman College founded as Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary in basement of Friendship Baptist Church, Atlanta
  • Apr 14 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • Apr 16 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle
  • Apr 18 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
  • Apr 23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
  • Apr 25 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • Apr 27 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • Apr 28 French troops sent into Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 3 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), born in Pieve Tesino, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)
  • Apr 3 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, born in Petersham, Surrey (d. 1972)
  • Apr 4 Charles Earle Funk, American lexicographer (Funk & Wagnalls) (d. 1957)
  • Apr 8 Fernand Lamy, composer
  • Apr 11 Harvey Bartlett Gaul, American composer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1945)
  • Apr 14 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • Apr 16 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and British ambassador to US (1940-46), born in Powderham Castle, Devon, England (d. 1959)
  • Apr 17 Anton Wildgans, Austrian poet and playwright (Armut), born in Vienna (d. 1932)
  • Apr 18 Hermann KJ Zilcher, German pianist/composer (Dr Eisenbart)
  • Apr 18 Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter
  • Apr 20 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), born in Modlin Fortress, Poland (d. 1950)
  • Apr 20 Sem Dresden, Dutch composer and conductor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Apr 21 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter/caricaturist (Rocks of Oran)
  • Apr 22 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • Apr 23 Claude Carter, South African cricketer (took 28 wkts 10 Tests for South Africa), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1952)
  • Apr 25 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 7 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people, dies at 65
  • Apr 11 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • Apr 16 George William Martin, composer, dies at 56

Person of interestBenjamin Disraeli

Apr 19 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • Apr 19 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • Apr 27 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • Apr 28 Robert W Ollinger, American warden and the last victim of Billy the Kid, dies