On This Day

What Happened in April 1881

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • Apr 1 Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens

Historic Event

Apr 2 Sixth Impressionist Exhibition opens in Paris organized by Edgar Degas and showing his famous "Little Dancer of Fourteen Years", the only sculpture shown in his lifetime

  • Apr 5 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • Apr 11 Spelman College founded as Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary in basement of Friendship Baptist Church, Atlanta
  • Apr 14 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • Apr 16 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle
  • Apr 18 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
  • Apr 23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" premieres at The Opera Comique, London
  • Apr 25 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • Apr 27 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • Apr 28 French troops sent into Tunisia

Historic Event

Apr 28 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico


Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 3 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), born in Pieve Tesino, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)
  • Apr 3 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, born in Petersham, Surrey (d. 1972)
  • Apr 4 Charles Earle Funk, American lexicographer (Funk & Wagnalls) (d. 1957)
  • Apr 8 Fernand Lamy, French composer, born in Chauvigny, France (d. 1966)
  • Apr 11 Harvey Bartlett Gaul, American composer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1945)
  • Apr 16 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and British ambassador to US (1940-46), born in Powderham Castle, Devon, England (d. 1959)
  • Apr 17 Anton Wildgans, Austrian poet and playwright (Armut), born in Vienna (d. 1932)
  • Apr 18 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in BiaƂystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • Apr 20 Nikolai Myaskovsky, Russian composer (Kirov is With Us), born in Modlin Fortress, Poland (d. 1950)
  • Apr 20 Sem Dresden, Dutch composer and conductor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Apr 21 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter and caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • Apr 22 Alexander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • Apr 23 Claude Carter, South African cricket spin bowler (19 Tests, 28 wickets), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1952)
  • Apr 25 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1935)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 7 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people, dies at 65
  • Apr 11 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • Apr 12 James L. Lardner, American naval officer (American Civil War), dies at 78
  • Apr 15 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, executed by hanging at 27
  • Apr 16 George William Martin, English composer, dies at 56

Benjamin Disraeli

Apr 19 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

  • Apr 19 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, Bavarian general, dies at 65
  • Apr 27 Ludwig von Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76
  • Apr 28 Robert Olinger, American warden & the last victim of Billy the Kid, dies at 31