What Happened in August 1881

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
  • Aug 3 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • Aug 3 US National Lawn Tennis Association removes "National" from its name
  • Aug 4 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
  • Aug 27 Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die
  • Aug 31 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, Rhode Island)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Rose Macaulay, English writer (The Towers of Trebizond), born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England (d. 1958)
  • Aug 1 Stanislaw Kazuro, Polish composer, born in Vilnius Region (d. 1961)
  • Aug 2 Ethel M. Dell, English author (Storm Drift), born in London (d. 1881)

Person of interestHugh S. Johnson

Aug 5 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1942)

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson

Person of interestAlexander Fleming

Aug 6 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), born in Lochfield, Scotland (d. 1955)

  • Aug 6 Leo Carrillo, American actor (American Empire, Cisco Kid), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1961)
  • Aug 6 Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (d. 1972)
  • Aug 8 Paul L E von Kleist, German general-fieldmarshal (Eastern Front)
  • Aug 10 Albrecht M Sprenger, landbuilder
  • Aug 12 Vaclav Vackar, composer

Person of interestCecil B. DeMille

Aug 12 Cecil B. DeMille, American filmmaker (The Ten Commandments), born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1959)

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
  • Aug 13 Jacqueline Reyneke van Stuwe, Dutch author, born in Muntok, Indonesia (d. 1955)
  • Aug 14 Francis Ford, American actor (The Quiet Man), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1953)
  • Aug 15 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist, born in Görlitz, Imperial Germany (d. 1956)
  • Aug 18 Hermann Karl Josef Zilcher, composer
  • Aug 19 Georges Enesco, [or Enescu], Romania, composer (Romanian Dances)
  • Aug 20 Edgar Albert Guest, English-American poet and newspaperman, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • Aug 23 Louis Schelfhout, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Aug 28 Arne Eggen, Norwegian composer, born in Trondheim, Norway (d. 1955)
  • Aug 29 Edvin Kallstenius, Swedish composer and librarian, born in Filipstad, Sweden (d. 1967)
  • Aug 29 Valery-Nicolas Larbaud, French novelist and translator (Enfantines), born in Vichy, France (d. 1957)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Marcus Andrews Hislop Clarke, author (His Natural Life) at 35
  • Aug 6 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), dies at 60
  • Aug 19 Joseph Labitzky, Bohemian composer, dies at 79