On This Day

What Happened in January 1881

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Dr John Watson is first introduced to Sherlock Holmes in story written by Arthur Conan Doyle

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Jan 1 Ambrose Bierce is appointed editor of "The Wasp" magazine

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Jan 2 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres in Breslau

Composer and Conductor Johannes Brahms
Composer and Conductor
Johannes Brahms
  • Jan 22 "Cleopatra's Needle", a 3,500-year-old Ancient Egyptian obelisk is erected in Central Park, New York [1]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

  • Jan 26 Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • Jan 28 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Carry van Bridges [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • Jan 1 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • Jan 4 Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German painter/poet/sculptor (Seated Youth)
  • Jan 5 Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, Russian composer, born in Surazh, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Jan 8 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • Jan 9 Giovanni Papini, Italian writer (Il Diavolo)
  • Jan 9 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic (Revaluations)
  • Jan 9 Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • Jan 13 Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • Jan 17 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • Jan 17 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
  • Jan 18 Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Librairie Gallimard) [or 1908]
  • Jan 25 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1948)
  • Jan 31 Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)
  • Jan 31 Joseph A Cushman, American palaentologist

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist, dies at 75
  • Jan 21 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • Jan 25 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), dies at 86
  • Jan 30 Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens, Flemish composer, dies at 58