On This Day

What Happened in June 1881

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • Jun 1 Ridden by outstanding English jockey Fred Archer, Iroquois wins the Epsom Derby to become first American-owned and bred horse to take out a European classic race
  • Jun 2 Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • Jun 7 15th Belmont: T. Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47
  • Jun 12 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • Jun 13 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
  • Jun 14 Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
  • Jun 16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • Jun 19 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • Jun 24 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud

  • Jun 30 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 3 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • Jun 4 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Jun 8 Próspero Bisquertt, Chilean composer, born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1959)
  • Jun 18 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • Jun 26 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)
  • Jun 29 Curt Sachs, German musicologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 2 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 6 Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian violin prodigy, composer, and teacher (Brussels Conservatory), dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, dies at 75
  • Jun 16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, dies at 79
  • Jun 16 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), dies at 82