On This Day

What Happened in June 1881

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • Jun 1 Ridden by outstanding English jockey Fred Archer, Iroquois wins the Epsom Derby to become first American-owned and bred horse to take out a European classic race
  • Jun 2 Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • Jun 7 15th Belmont: T. Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47
  • Jun 12 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • Jun 13 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
  • Jun 14 Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
  • Jun 16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • Jun 19 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • Jun 24 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • Jun 30 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 3 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • Jun 4 Clara Blandick, American actress (Huckleberry Finn, Romance, Tom Sawyer), born on board an American ship in Hong Kong (d. 1962)
  • Jun 4 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Jun 8 Prospero Bisquertt, Chilean composer, born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1959)

Person of interestTommy Burns

Jun 17 Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer, born in Hanover, Ontario (d. 1955)

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Tommy Burns
  • Jun 18 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • Jun 26 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)
  • Jun 29 Curt Sachs, German musicologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 2 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 6 Henry Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, dies at 75
  • Jun 16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, dies at 79
  • Jun 16 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), dies at 82