On This Day

What Happened in November 1881

Historical Events

  • Nov 2 Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
  • Nov 5 French government-Ferry resigns
  • Nov 5 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand

MurderAssassination

Nov 14 Charles J. Guiteau put on trial for the assassination of US President Garfield

  • Nov 14 Leon Gambetta forms French government
  • Nov 15 American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)
  • Nov 19 A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Edward Van Sloan, American actor (Frankenstein, Dracula), born in Chaska, Minnesota (d. 1964)
  • Nov 3 George Mehnert, American wrestler (Olympic gold flyweight 1904, bantamweight 1908), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1948)
  • Nov 4 Gena Branscombe, Canadian pianist and composer, born in Picton, Ontario (d. 1977)
  • Nov 4 Milton Rosmer, British director (Murder in the Red Barn), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1971)
  • Nov 5 George A. Malcolm, American jurist (17th Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court) and educator, born in Concord, Michigan (d. 1961)
  • Nov 8 Frank Speck, American anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1950)
  • Nov 8 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • Nov 12 Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • Nov 12 Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • Nov 15 Franklin P Adams, columnist (Information Please), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 16 Joel H. Hildebrand, American chemist and educator (research led to new treatments for divers with the 'bends' through the use of helium and oxygen breathing mixtures), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • Nov 17 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, 1st Baron Hesketh, British peer, soldier, and politician
  • Nov 18 Percy LeSueur, Canadian hockey player and inventor (large goalie glove), born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 1962)

Person of interestEnver Pasha

Nov 22 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, born in Constantinople (d. 1922)

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • Nov 24 Al Christie, Canadian-born film director and producer (d. 1951)

Person of interestJohn XXIII

Nov 25 Pope John XXIII [Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli], 261st Pope (1958-63), born in Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1963)

  • Nov 25 Peder Gram, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen (d. 1956)
  • Nov 28 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Jacques Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song), dies at 22
  • Nov 7 John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • Nov 9 Edwin Drake, American businessman who drilled 1st productive US oil well, dies at 61
  • Nov 21 Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • Nov 25 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute, dies at 87