On This Day

What Happened in October 1881

Historical Events

  • Oct 4 Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
  • Oct 11 David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • Oct 12 Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
  • Oct 13 Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • Oct 14 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Bob Ferguson retains title with 3 stroke win over Jamie Anderson in shocking weather conditions
  • Oct 15 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • Oct 22 Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its first concert

USAStatue of Liberty

Oct 24 Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty
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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York

The Gunfight at OK CorralThe Gunfight at OK Corral

Oct 26 Gunfight at the OK Corral: The most famous shootout in the Wild West occurs, between lawmen (including Wyatt Earp) and the Cowboys, with Tom and Frank McLaury and Billy Clanton killed
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All guns blazing in the legendary gunfight between the Earp brothers and the Cowboys
All guns blazing in the legendary gunfight between the Earp brothers and the Cowboys
  • Oct 29 Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.
  • Oct 31 Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season. They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Leonid Sabaneyev, Russian composer, born in Moscow (d. 1968)

Person of interestWilliam Boeing

Oct 1 William Boeing, American aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1956)

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • Oct 2 Ferdinand [Fred] Barlow, French composer, born in Mulhouse (d. 1951)
  • Oct 3 Ludomir Michał Rogowski, Polish composer, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1954)
  • Oct 4 Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Oct 5 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • Oct 7 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • Oct 11 Stark Young, American writer (So Red the Rose), born in Como, Mississippi (d. 1963)
  • Oct 11 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal philosopher and political philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • Oct 12 Carlos Lopez Buchardo, Argentine composer, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1948)
  • Oct 12 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), born in Berlin, Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • Oct 13 George Bacovia [Vasiliu], Romanian poet and composer (Plumb), born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1957)
  • Oct 15 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guildford, England (d. 1975)
  • Oct 22 Clinton Davisson, American physicist (Nobel 1937- discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1958)
  • Oct 24 Paul Basilius Barth, Swiss painter and lithographer, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1955)

Person of interestPablo Picasso

Oct 25 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • Oct 26 Margaret Wycherly, British actress (Keeper of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1956)
  • Oct 28 Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (Olympic silver pole vault & bronze javelin 1906; bronze pole vault 1908; popularized bowling in Sweden), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1969)
  • Oct 28 Vin Coutie, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1951)
  • Oct 30 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • Oct 30 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (The Time of Man), born in Perryville, Kentucky (d. 1941)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, dies at 70
  • Oct 22 Janis Cimze, Latvian composer, Father of Latvian choir music, dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Billy Clanton, brother of Ike, dies
  • Oct 31 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37