On This Day

What Happened in April 1882

Historical Events

  • Apr 3 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Apr 10 Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • Apr 13 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 29 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Werner von Siemens in Berlin

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Paul Anspach, Belgian fencer (Olympic gold individual epée, team epée 1912), born in Burcht, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Apr 3 Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
  • Apr 4 Mary Howe, American composer (Sand) and pianist, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1964)
  • Apr 5 Don Blackie, Australian cricketer (Australian off-spinner 1928-29), born in Bendigo, Australia (d. 1955)
  • Apr 7 Bert "Dainty" Ironmonger, cricketer (belated Australian rep 1928-33)
  • Apr 7 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • Apr 9 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1946)
  • Apr 10 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • Apr 14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1926)
  • Apr 16 Seth Bingham, American organist and composer (Six Pieces for Organ), born in Bloomfield, New Jersey (d. 1972)
  • Apr 17 Artur Schnabel, Austrian pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas), born in Lipnik, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 18 Leopold Stokowski, British conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra, Disney's Fantasia), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • Apr 20 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • Apr 21 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Apr 23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Apr 23 Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)
  • Apr 25 Fred McLeod, Scottish golfer (US Open 1908), born in North Berwick, Scotland (d. 1976)
  • Apr 28 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, born in Milano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Apr 29 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Apr 30 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (To the Invisible), born in Terhorne, Netherlands (d. 1973)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 Friedrich Wilhelm Kücken, German composer, dies at 71

Person of interestJesse James

Apr 3 Jesse James, American outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Apr 8 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • Apr 9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 13 Bruno Bauer, German theologian, dies at 72
  • Apr 17 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer, dies at 71
  • Apr 18 Henry Cole, English inventor & civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, dies at 73

Person of interestCharles Darwin

Apr 19 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

Apr 27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson