On This Day

What Happened in April 1882

Historical Events

  • Apr 3 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Historic Event

Apr 3 American outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back of the head and killed by fellow gang member Robert Ford at home in St. Joseph, Missouri

  • Apr 10 Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • Apr 13 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia

Historic Event

Apr 29 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Werner von Siemens in Berlin


Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Paul Anspach, Belgian fencer (Olympic gold individual epée, team epée 1912), born in Burcht, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Apr 4 Mary Howe, American composer (Sand) and pianist, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1964)
  • Apr 5 Don Blackie, Australian cricketer (Australian off-spinner 1928-29), born in Bendigo, Australia (d. 1955)
  • Apr 7 Bert Ironmonger, Australian cricket spin bowler (14 Tests; 74 wickets @ 17.97; Queensland, Victoria), born in Pine Mountain, Australia (d. 1971)
  • Apr 7 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • Apr 8 Lulu McConnell, American vaudeville, radio, and television comedienne (It Pays To Be Ignorant), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1962)
  • Apr 9 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Apr 10 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • Apr 14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1926)
  • Apr 16 Seth Bingham, American organist and composer (Six Pieces for Organ), born in Bloomfield, New Jersey (d. 1972)
  • Apr 17 Artur Schnabel, Austrian pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas), born in Lipnik, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 18 Leopold Stokowski, British conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1912-40; Disney's Fantasia, 1939; American Symphony Orchestra, 1962-72), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • Apr 20 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • Apr 21 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Apr 23 Albert Coates, English conductor and composer (Eagle), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Apr 23 Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)
  • Apr 25 Fred McLeod, Scottish golfer (US Open 1908), born in North Berwick, Scotland (d. 1976)
  • Apr 28 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, born in Milano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Apr 29 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Apr 30 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (To the Invisible), born in Terhorne, Netherlands (d. 1973)

Famous Weddings

Sarah Bernhardt

Apr 4 Actress Sarah Bernhardt marries diplomat Aristide Damala in London

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 Friedrich Wilhelm Kücken, German composer, dies at 71

Jesse James

Apr 3 Jesse James, American outlaw, shot dead at 34 by fellow gang member Robert Ford in St. Joseph, Missouri

  • Apr 8 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • Apr 9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 13 Bruno Bauer, German theologian, dies at 72
  • Apr 17 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (invented first public flush toilets), dies at 71
  • Apr 18 Henry Cole, English inventor & civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, dies at 73

Charles Darwin

Apr 19 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Apr 27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78