On This Day

What Happened in February 1883

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • Feb 7 Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako, Niger
  • Feb 8 Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • Feb 10 Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
  • Feb 14 1st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • Feb 16 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • Feb 17 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • Feb 21 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • Feb 23 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • Feb 23 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 27 Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • Feb 28 1st US vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Feb 2 Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin, composer
  • Feb 2 S Z Sakall [Gerö Jenö], Hungarian stage and film character actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca), born in Budapest Hungary (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Camille Bombois, French circus wrestler/painter
  • Feb 3 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Feb 7 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • Feb 8 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • Feb 11 Paul August von Klenau, Danish composer & conductor (Sulamith), born in Copenhagen (d. 1946)
  • Feb 12 Ludwig Stössel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera, The Pride of the Yankees), born in Léka, Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • Feb 13 Bainbridge Crist, American composer (Egyptian Impressions), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Feb 13 Harold "Hal" Chase, baseball player and manager
  • Feb 15 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • Feb 16 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • Feb 18 Tom Walls, British actor and producer (A Cuckoo in the Nest, Undercover), born in Kingsthorpe, England (d. 1949)
  • Feb 18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • Feb 20 Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • Feb 21 Mick Commaille, South African cricketer and soccer rep, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1956)
  • Feb 22 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • Feb 22 Jaroslav Kocian, composer
  • Feb 22 Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (Snow White), born in Avondale, Cincinnati (d. 1940)
  • Feb 23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • Feb 25 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]
  • Feb 13 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian & author (In the Forests), dies at 64

Person of interestRichard Wagner

Feb 13 Richard Wagner, German composer (The Ring of the Nibelung, The Flying Dutchman), dies at 69

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Feb 17 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, dies at 76
  • Feb 17 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37
  • Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)