On This Day

What Happened in February 1883

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • Feb 7 Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako, Niger
  • Feb 8 Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • Feb 10 Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
  • Feb 14 1st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • Feb 16 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • Feb 17 A Ashwell patents vacant/engaged toilet lock in London
  • Feb 21 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • Feb 23 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • Feb 23 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 27 Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • Feb 28 1st US vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Vakhtangov, Armenian-Russian theatrical director of the Moscow Art Theatre (Vakhtangov Theatre), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Feb 2 Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin, composer
  • Feb 2 S Z Sakall [Gerö Jenö], Hungarian stage and film character actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca), born in Budapest Hungary (d. 1955)
  • Feb 3 Camille Bombois, French circus wrestler/painter
  • Feb 3 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Feb 7 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • Feb 8 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • Feb 11 Paul August von Klenau, Danish composer & conductor (Sulamith), born in Copenhagen (d. 1946)
  • Feb 12 Ludwig Stössel, Austrian actor (Man With a Camera, The Pride of the Yankees), born in Léka, Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • Feb 13 Bainbridge Crist, American composer (Egyptian Impressions), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Feb 13 Harold "Hal" Chase, baseball player and manager
  • Feb 15 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • Feb 16 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • Feb 18 Tom Walls, British actor and producer (A Cuckoo in the Nest, Undercover), born in Kingsthorpe, England (d. 1949)
  • Feb 18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • Feb 20 Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • Feb 21 Mick Commaille, South African cricketer and soccer rep, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1956)
  • Feb 22 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • Feb 22 Jaroslav Kocian, composer
  • Feb 22 Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (Snow White), born in Avondale, Cincinnati (d. 1940)
  • Feb 23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • Feb 25 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Erich R. Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism), born in Breslau, German Empire (d. 1940)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]

Person of interestRichard Wagner

Feb 13 Richard Wagner, German composer (The Ring of the Nibelung, The Flying Dutchman), dies at 69

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Feb 17 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, dies at 76
  • Feb 17 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37
  • Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)