On This Day

What Happened in January 1883

Historical Events

  • Jan 2 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • Jan 4 Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
  • Jan 6 Ontario Rugby Football Union forms
  • Jan 10 Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P. T. Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • Jan 13 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430

Historic Event

Jan 13 Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo

  • Jan 16 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • Jan 16 Quebec Rugby Football Union forms

Historic Event

Jan 19 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey

  • Jan 20 Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground
  • Jan 22 England completes 1st innings victory in Tests vs. Australia at Melbourne Cricket Grounds
  • Jan 30 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • Jan 1 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)
  • Jan 4 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist/Neth 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • Jan 4 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese mystic & poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings), born in Bsharri, Lebanon (d. 1931)
  • Jan 7 Andrew Browne Cunningham, Irish British admiral (First Sea Lord of the Admiralty 1943-46), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • Jan 8 Josue Teofilo Wilkes, composer
  • Jan 8 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet (Pjotr Peroyj), born in Pugachyov, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Jan 10 Florence Reed, American silent film actress (Dancing Girl), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Jan 10 Francis X. Bushman, American silent film actor (Sabrina; Ben-Hur), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • Jan 19 Hermann Abendroth, German conductor
  • Jan 20 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • Jan 21 Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet
  • Jan 21 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • Jan 24 Estelle Winwood [Goodwin], British actress (The Misfits, The Producers, Miracle on 34th Street), born in Lee, Kent, England (d. 1984)
  • Jan 26 Bindo Maserati, Italian auto engineer and businessman (manager Maserati Racing; founder O.S.C.A. Racing), born in Voghera, Italy (d. 1980)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Nicolás Ledesma, Spanish organist and composer, dies at 91
  • Jan 4 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • Jan 5 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • Jan 10 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • Jan 21 Jacopo Tomadini, Italian composer, dies at 62
  • Jan 23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • Jan 24 Friedrich von Flotow, German composer, dies at 70