On This Day

What Happened in July 1883

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • Jul 3 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • Jul 4 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • Jul 16 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw wins third straight Wimbledon title; beats twin brother Ernest Renshaw 2-6, 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 6-3
  • Jul 24 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • Jul 28 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroy 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Arthur Borton, English soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheveney, Kent (d. 1933)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

Jul 3 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jul 4 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestRube Goldberg

Jul 4 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist who made the easy outrageously difficult (Pulitzer Prize 1948), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1970)

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • Jul 6 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • Jul 7 Toivo Kuula, Finnish composer, born in Vehkakoski (d. 1918)
  • Jul 10 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), born in Peterswalde, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 10 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Jul 12 Joseph Crehan, American actor (The Roaring Twenties, Meeting at Midnight), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • Jul 14 Alexandru Zirra, composer
  • Jul 17 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • Jul 17 Mauritz Stiller [Moshe Stiller], Swedish actor and director (The Saga of Gösta Berling, Erotikon), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • Jul 23 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, British field marshal, born in Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France (d. 1963)
  • Jul 25 Alfredo Casella, Italian composer and conductor (La Giara), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1947)

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Jul 29 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), born in Predappio, Forlì, Italy (d. 1945)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 29 Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
  • Jul 29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Manuel Gregorio Tavárez, Puerto Rican composer, dies at 39
  • Jul 5 Frederick Scotson Clark, English organist and composer, dies at 42
  • Jul 9 Adrien Louis Boieldieu, French composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 12 Hermann Zopff, composer, dies at 57
  • Jul 15 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44

Person of interestMatthew Webb

Jul 24 Matthew Webb, English long distance swimmer who was first to swim unassisted across the English Channel, drowns in the Niagara Falls whirlpool at 35

Long Distance Swimmer Matthew Webb
Long Distance Swimmer
Matthew Webb
  • Jul 27 Albert Franz Doppler, Austrian flautist and composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 27 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), dies at 70