On This Day

What Happened in July 1883

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • Jul 3 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • Jul 4 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • Jul 16 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw wins third straight Wimbledon title; beats twin brother Ernest Renshaw 2-6, 6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 6-3
  • Jul 24 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • Jul 28 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Arthur Borton, English soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheveney, Kent (d. 1933)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

Jul 3 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jul 4 Maximilian Steinberg, Russian composer, born in Vilnius, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestRube Goldberg

Jul 4 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist who made the easy outrageously difficult (Pulitzer Prize 1948), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1970)

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • Jul 6 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • Jul 7 Toivo Kuula, Finnish composer, born in Vehkakoski (d. 1918)
  • Jul 10 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), born in Peterswalde, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 10 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Jul 12 Joseph Crehan, American actor (The Roaring Twenties, Meeting at Midnight), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • Jul 14 Alexandru Zirra, composer
  • Jul 17 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • Jul 17 Mauritz Stiller [Moshe Stiller], Swedish actor and director (The Saga of Gösta Berling, Erotikon), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Max Fleischer, Polish-American animator and film producer (Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor Man), born in Kraków, Austrian Poland (d. 1972)
  • Jul 23 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, British field marshal, born in Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France (d. 1963)
  • Jul 25 Alfredo Casella, Italian composer and conductor (La Giara), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1947)

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Jul 29 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), born in Predappio, Forlì, Italy (d. 1945)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 29 Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
  • Jul 29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Manuel Gregorio Tavárez, Puerto Rican composer, dies at 39
  • Jul 5 Frederick Scotson Clark, English organist and composer, dies at 42
  • Jul 9 Adrien Louis Boieldieu, French composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 12 Hermann Zopff, composer, dies at 57
  • Jul 15 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • Jul 24 Matthew Webb, English Channel swimmer, drowns above Niagara Falls
  • Jul 27 Albert Franz Doppler, composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 27 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott V Sandford), dies at 70