On This Day

What Happened in March 1883

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • Mar 3 In the series decider England beats Scotland, 2 tries to 1 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh to win the inaugural Home Nations Rugby Championship with an undefeated record
  • Mar 16 Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman graduate of a pharmacy college
  • Mar 19 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • Mar 20 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • Mar 24 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • Mar 30 45th Grand National: Austrian breeder, owner Count Karel Kinsky rides Zoedone to 10 length win; only 10 starters, the smallest GN field in history; first winning jockey from outside Britain and Ireland
  • Mar 31 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
  • Mar 31 Utrecht begins water pipe system

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Tom Shevlin, American College Football Hall of Fame end (Consensus All-American 1902, 04, 05; National C'ship 1902, 05; Yale University), born in Muskegon, Michigan (d. 1915)
  • Mar 3 Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 4 Maude Fealy, American actor and drama coach (The Ten Commandments), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1971)
  • Mar 4 Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (d. 1956)
  • Mar 5 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (d. 1969)
  • Mar 7 Carl Deis, American composer and organist, born in New York City (d. 1960)
  • Mar 7 Marion Lord, American actress (Broadway), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1942)
  • Mar 8 Manuel Gómez Carrillo, Argentine composer, born in Santiago del Estero, Argentina (d. 1968)
  • Mar 9 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Mar 12 Judge Jackson, composer
  • Mar 12 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • Mar 13 Enrico Toselli, Italian pianist and composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1926)
  • Mar 14 Juan Manén, Spanish composer and violinist, born in Barcelona (d. 1971)
  • Mar 16 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • Mar 17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • Mar 19 Josef Matthias Hauer, composer
  • Mar 19 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • Mar 19 Sir Walter Norman Haworth, British chemist (Nobel Prize, 1937) born at Chorley, Lancashire, England (d. 1950)
  • Mar 20 Colin Campbell, Scottish actor (High Bright Sun, Leather Boys), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1966)
  • Mar 20 Karl Hasse, German composer, born in Dohna (d. 1960)
  • Mar 21 Jules van Nuffel, composer
  • Mar 23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • Mar 24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • Mar 27 Jan Kunc, Czech composer (Czech State Anthem), born in Doubravice nad Svitavou (d. 1976)
  • Mar 27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Mar 28 William Henry Harris, English composer, born in Fulham, London (d. 1973)
  • Mar 29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, American chemist (Micromanometric analysis), born in Pike, New York (d. 1971)
  • Mar 30 Jo Davidson, American sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman), born in New York City (d. 1952)

Famous Deaths

Person of interestAlexander H. Stephens

Mar 4 Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President US Confederate States, dies at 71

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30
  • Mar 12 Murrumgunarriman [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies

Person of interestKarl Marx

Mar 14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Mar 15 Karol Studzinski, composer, dies at 55
  • Mar 15 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67