On This Day

What Happened in October 1883

Historical Events

The Orient Express

Oct 4 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul

  • Oct 4 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Oct 15 US Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20 Treaty of Ancon; Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 22 New York's original Metropolitan Opera House has its grand opening with a performance of Charles Gounod's opera "Faust"
  • Oct 30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 5 Charles Maduro, Antillean composer, born in Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles (d. 1947)
  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), born in Freiburg, Baden, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Oct 8 Dick Burnett, American musician ("Man of Constant Sorrow"), born in Monticello, Kentucky (d. 1977)
  • Oct 11 Archibald T Davison, American musicologist and composer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Oct 16 Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (The Exorcist), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1973)
  • Oct 16 Will Harridge, American Baseball HOF executive (President American League 1931-59), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • Oct 22 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • Oct 22 Viktor Jacobi, composer
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Oct 26 Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (Olympic gold 1904, 06), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1956)

Anthony Wilding

Oct 31 Anthony Wilding, New Zealand tennis player (Wimbledon 1910-13), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1915)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • Oct 15 Francesco Schira, Maltese-born composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 22 George Coulthard, Australian rules footballer (Victoria; Carlton FC) and cricket all-rounder (1 Test; Victoria CA), dies from tuberculosis at 27
  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • Oct 29 Friedrich Robert Volkmann, German composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 30 Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Austrian lawyer and composer, dies at 80
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj