On This Day

What Happened in April 1884

Historical Events

  • Apr 2 London prison for debtors closed
  • Apr 10 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
  • Apr 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • Apr 21 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • Apr 22 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mths)
  • Apr 22 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Apr 24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Laurette Taylor [Helen Loretta Cooney], American actress (Peg o' My Heart), born in NYC, New York (d. 1946)
  • Apr 1 Hugo Bezdek, Czech American College Football Hall of Fame coach (University of Oregon, University of Arkansas, Penn State; NFL: Cleveland Browns; MLB: Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1952)
  • Apr 2 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)
  • Apr 3 Jackie Matthews, cricketer (Aust leg-spinner, two hat-tricks 1912)

Person of interestIsoroku Yamamoto

Apr 4 Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese WWII Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
  • Apr 7 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • Apr 7 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • Apr 9 Franco Vittadini, Italian composer, born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1948)
  • Apr 12 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Apr 12 Tenby Davies, Welsh half-mile world champion runner, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1932)
  • Apr 17 Leo Frank, American convict (murder of a 13-year-old employee), born in Cuero, Texas (d. 1915)
  • Apr 18 Magda Janssens, Belgian-Dutch actress and acting teacher (Maria Stuart), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1973)
  • Apr 20 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1966)
  • Apr 22 Armas Launis, Finnish composer, born in Hämeenlinna, Finland (d. 1959)
  • Apr 27 Louis de Bree [Louis Davids], actor (De man zonder hart, The Cross-Patch, Bluejackets), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Apr 30 Albert Elkus, American composer, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1962)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • Apr 5 John Wisden, English cricketer (prominent Sussex player), dies at 57
  • Apr 6 Emanuel Geibel, writer, dies at 68
  • Apr 7 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Daisies, Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • Apr 11 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth), dies at 69