On This Day

What Happened in January 1884

Historical Events

  • Jan 4 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • Jan 4 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • Jan 8 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • Jan 18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • Jan 18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Manon" premieres in Paris

Composer Jules Massenet
Composer
Jules Massenet
  • Jan 26 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Jacques Chardonne [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
  • Jan 3 E. Stanley Jones, American evangelist (Christ of Indian road), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • Jan 3 Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1948)
  • Jan 10 James Philip Dunn, American composer, born in New York (d. 1936)
  • Jan 12 Louis Horst, American dance choreographer and composer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1964)
  • Jan 12 Texas Guinan, American actress (The Gun Woman), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1933)
  • Jan 13 Sophie Tucker [Kalish], Russian-born American singer and actress (My Yiddish Mama) known as "last of the red hot mammas", born in Tulchyn, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • Jan 18 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • Jan 19 Albert Louis Wolff, composer
  • Jan 20 A[braham] Merritt, American sci-fi author (The Moon Pool, Burn Witch Bun), born in Beverly, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Jan 21 Katie Sandwina, German legendary woman weight-lifter
  • Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • Jan 23 Ralph DePalma, Italian-American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1915; American AAA National Dirt Track C'ship 1908-11), born in Biccari, Italy (d. 1956)
  • Jan 25 Edward Kilenyi, Sr. [Ede Kilényi], Hungarian composer & teacher (Clipped Wings, Outside the Law), born in Békésszentandrás, Hungary (d. 1968)
  • Jan 26 Edward Sapir, German linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews, American scientist/explorer
  • Jan 26 Walter "Doc" Meanwell, English Basketball Hall of Fame coach (University of Wisconsin 1911–1917, 1920–1934), born in Leeds, England (d. 1953)
  • Jan 28 Auguste Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard
  • Jan 28 Jean Felix Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard
  • Jan 28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, French astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • Jan 29 Juhan Aavic, Estonian composer, born in Holstre, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • Jan 31 Nicholas Joy, French actor (Gentleman's Agreement, Desk Set, Boss Lady), born in Paris, France (d. 1964)
  • Jan 31 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 19 Painter Thomas Eakins (39) weds painter and photographer Susan Macdowell (32) in a Quaker ceremony

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 24 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass marries his second wife suffragist Helen Pitts

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Famous Deaths


Person of interestGregor Mendel

Jan 6 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), dies at 61

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Monk/Geneticist
Gregor Mendel
  • Jan 6 Paul Taglioni, "the Great," Ital/Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • Jan 17 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist, dies at 79
  • Jan 21 Auguste Franchomme, French cellist and composer, dies at 75
  • Jan 24 Johann Christian Gebauer, Danish composer, dies at 75
  • Jan 26 John Letcher, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia, dies at 70